NameLady Pollok , F
Spouses
Birth Dateabt 1245
Birth PlaceDumfrieshire, Scotland
Death Dateabt 1306
Death PlacePollok, Renfrewshire, Scotland
ChildrenRobert , M (~1295-~1363)
Notes for John (Spouse 1)
He [Aymer] had issue:

1. Sir Herbert.

2. John: he and Alexander witness, as brothers of Sir Herbet and undated grant

3. Alexander

The Terregles MS. history makes Edward Maxwell (a crusader with ‘Lewis the ffrench king’ in 1246), eldest son of Aymer. There was an ‘Edward of Maxwell’ in 1248, but, if really the eldest son, he must have died before 1266, when Sir Herbert was heir of Aymer.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 470-71.———————————————

John: He and Alexander witnessed, as brothers of Sir Herbert, an undated grant by the latter of lands in Mearns to Paisley Abbey, and John de Maxwell, Lord of Nether Pollock (in the barony of Mearns), no doubt the same person, witnessed another undated grant of Sir Herbert to the church of Mearns.

For the Nether Pollok family and its branches of Aikenhead, Auldhouse, Calderwood, Cardoness, Cowglen, Dalswinton, Newark, Springkell, Stanley, Maxwells, Lords Farnham, etcl, see Fraser’s Maxwells of Pollok and Carlaverock Book.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 470-71.———————————————

SIR JOHN MAXWELL, KNIGHT, FIRST OF POLLOCK 1270-1306

Sir John Maxwell, second son of Sir Aymer, and brother of Sir Herbert, Lord of Maxwell and Carlaverock, was provided by his father to the estate of Pollok, from which he and his descendants were designated.
It is easy to conjecture why Sir Aymer thus provided his younger son to Pollok. He had recently acquired the valuable baron of Mearns, but his older baronies of Maxwell and Carlaverock, being situated near the English border, were much exposed to hostile attacks, and required all his energies for their protection and defence, and he had little time to devote to the care of the distant baronies of Mearns or of Pollok. He therefore wisely therefore wisely settled his second son in Pollock very soon after its acquisition; that is, about the year 1470.

The Pollik branch thus early planted—the earliest off shoot from the parent stem—became itself an independent tree, whence numerous brances have since sprung, which are now flourishing both in Scotland and in other countries. In the course of little more than a century it was enabled by an alliance with a member of the royal house of Stewart, to provide large estates to a second son, who became the founder of the baronial family of Calderwood.

At a later period, when the misfortunes of the parent line of the Lords Maxwell had reduced them from their former affluence, the position of the Pollok branch was such that its representative was solicited by the leading members of the family to relieve the estate of its burdens, and to assume, on the death of the then chief, his place as head of the house of Maxwell.

A race which has been so long established as the Pollok Maxwell family, and several of the representatives of which have held positions of prominence and distinction, seems worthy of having its descent recorded. It is the object of these Memoirs to trace this descent through the seventeen successive generations which have ixisted between the first Baron of Pollok and his present representative, who is the twenty-first in descent from Undwyn, father of Maccus. …

Sir John Maxwell and his brother Alexander witnessed a charter by their eldest brother, Herbert Maxwell, to the church of Saint James and Saint Mirrin of Paisley, of lands in Means, about the year 1300, in which they are designated brothers of Herbert.

As Lord of Pollok (lower), Sir john Maxwell also witnessed another charter, about the same year, by Herbert Maxwell, his brother, to the parish church of Merness, of six merks of an annual-rent from the mills of Merness.

It has not been ascertained whom Sir John married.

Sir John’s son and successor was Sir Robert Maxwell Knight, second of Pollok.


Source: MEMOIRS OF THE MAXWELLS OF POLLOK, by William Fraser, Edinburgh, 1863, Vol. 1, pp. 9-10.
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He [Homer / Aymer] had three sons:


1. Sir Herbert, his successor;

2. Sir John, to whom he gave the lands of Nether Pollock in Renfrewshire, and who was the founder of the family of that designation, baronets of 1682;

3. Alexander, of whom nothing is known.

Source: THE SCOTTISH NATION ... BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY, by William Anderson, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1867, pp. 123-24.
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IV. Sir John Maxwell, second son of Homerus, Lord of Carlaverock, who got from his father the lands and Baronies of Nether Pollock, in Renfrewshre, the lands of Dryps, Calderwood, &c., in the shire of Lanark but assumed the former for the chief title of his family.

In a donation of sir Robert Maxwell, of Carlaverock, of part of the Barony of Mearnis, to the monastery of Paisley, Sir John Maxwell, ‘dominus de Nether Pollock,” his brother-german, Robert, Bishop of Glasgow &c. &c., are witnesses. The donation had not a date, but, as the bishop died in 1316, it must have been in or before that year.

Sir John died in the beginning of the reign of King David Bruce, and

was succeeded by his son, Sir Robert Maxwell, who, in his father’s life-time was designed by the title of Calderwood.

Source: THE BARONETAGE OF ENGLAND OR THE HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH BARONETS, by Rev. William Betham, London, 1805, Vol. 5, p. 580.
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The Pollock branch was allied by marriage to royalty. This family descended from Sir John Maxwell, 2d son of Eumerus or Aymer de Maxwell, were usually styled “Domini de Pollok,” or “Nether Pollok.”

Besides the lands of that name in Renfrewshire, wich he received from his father, Sir John got a grant of the lands of Lyoncrose, in the same county, from Robert the Bruce. Towards the close of the reign of that monarch, he was governor of the Castle of Dumbarton.

He was succeeded by sir Robert Maxwell of Pollok.

Source: THE SCOTTISH NATION ... BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY, by William Anderson, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1867, pp. 128.
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This sir John obtained from his father
[Aymerus de Macceswell] the lands and baronies of Nether-Pollock, in Renfrewshire; the lands of Dryps, Calderwood, &c., but assumed that of Calaverock for the chief title of his family.

He died in the beginning of the reign of king David Bruce; and was succeeded by his son, sir Robert Maxwell; who died soon after, 1363

Source: A BIOGRAPHICAL PEERAGE OF IRELAND, London, 1817, p. 117-18.
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