NameSir John de MAXWELL 2nd Of Carlaverock , M
Birth Dateabt 1265
Birth PlaceMearns, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Death Dateaft 1311
Death PlaceCarlaverock, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
ChildrenEustace , M (~1290-1343)
 John , M (~1295-~1346)
Notes for Sir John de MAXWELL 2nd Of Carlaverock
Sir John Maxwell of Carlaverock, called son and heir of Herbert of Maxwell in a charter in favour of Adam de Gordon in 1297, swore fealty to Edward I at Aberdeen, 17 July 1296, as son of Herbert de Makeswelle, and had in October 1296 of lands which he held of Herbert de Makeswell in Roxburghshire and Edinburghshire (qu. Maxwell and Pencaitland).

Sir John Maxwell the elder, capitulated to the English with Sir John Comin at Strathorde, February 1303-4.

Sir John de Maxwell, Lord of Karlaverok, had a present of wine from the King of England in 1307, and

was still living about 1310 or 1311.

He had two sons:

1. Eustace
2. John, successor to Eustace.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol V!, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 471-72.

Sir Herbert, the second son, succeeded
[his father], and soon after, his castle of Carlaverock sustained a siege from the English, a singularly curious and minute description of which has been preserved in a poem, … supposed to have been written by Walter of Exeter, a celebrated Franciscan friar …

About the 1st of July, 1300, the English army left Carlile commanded by Edward I in perston, attended by the prince of Wales, afterwards Edward II, and the whole chivalry of England. At this time, Edward was in possession of almost every stronghold in Scotland between Berwick and Moray frith. The strong castle of Carlaverock alone held out. … Indeed the courage of the garrison, which amounted only to sixty men, was most conspicuous … and they defended the fortress gallantly the whole of one day and night, but the numerous stones thrown by the besiegers, and the erection of three large battering engines of great power, caused them to surrender. To obtain a cessation of hostilities, they hung out a pennon, but the soldier who exhibited it, was shot through the hand to his face by an arrow. The rest demanded quarter, surrendered the castle and submitted to the mercy of the king of England.

Sir Herberts son, Sir Eustace Maxwell, succeeded his father before 1312.

Source: THE SCOTTISH NATION ... BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY, by William Anderson, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1867, pp. 124.
Last Modified 15 Feb 2016Created 9 Jan 2017 using Reunion for Macintosh