NameCountess Sutherland , F
Spouses
Birth Dateabt 1186
Birth PlaceDuffus Castle, Moray, Scotland
Death Date1248
Death PlaceSutherland, Scotland
Burial Date1248
Burial PlaceSutherland, Scotland
Burial MemoDornoch Cathedral
FatherHugh de MORAVIA Of Duffus & Strabrok , M (~1166-<1222)
MotherLady Duffus , F (~1171-)
Marr Dateabt 1221
Marr PlaceSutherland, Scotland
ChildrenWilliam , M (~1235-<1307)
Notes for William (Spouse 1)
The name of his [Hugh’s] wife is not known, but he had three sons:

1. William, son and heir, who became Lord and Earl of Sutherland.

2. Walter, who succeeded to the lands of Duffus, and married Euphemia, daughter of Ferquhard, Earl of Ross. He died about 1263, and was buried at Duffus. His line ended in two heiresses, and his estates finally passed to the Keiths of Inverugie and Sutherlands of Duffus
3. Andrew, designed son of Hugh de Moravia in the charter already cited, of the chaplainry of Duffus, between 1203 and 1214. He was then parson of Duffus, and in 1222 he was elected Bishop of Moray. In his time, the cathedral of Moray was removed to Elgin, and may have built, or at least commenced the erection of, the cathedral church. He died in 1242.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VIII , Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 320-21.
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I. William son of the preceding, describes himself after his father’s death as Lord of Sutherland, son and heir of the late Hugh Freskin. He was therefore the eldest son, and took the largest share of his father’s possessions. He confirmed his father’s charter of Skelbo and the other lands to Archdeacon Gilbert, at some date between 1211 and 1222.

It is apparently he who is witness in 1226 and 1229 as William de Moravia and William de Moravia, Knight. In September 1232 he appears as William of Sutherland. This would agree with the suggestion that he was not created EARL OF SUTHERLAND until 1235, though as to the true date of creation there is no evidence whatever, but he was Earl is proved by a later writ.

Sir Robert Gordon, in his history of the family, states that this Earl William, of whom there is almost no notice in public record, was a great help to Gilbert, Bishop of Caithness, in the building of the Cathedral of Dornoch and in the erection of canonries by appointing them lands and tithes to the earl’s ‘great cost and charges. This is corroborated by Bishop Gilbert’s arrangement of the diocese, still preserved at Dunrobin Castle. It is not dated, but was drawn up probably not long after 1222. The bishop states that hitherto, owing to the poverty of the place, and because of frequent hostile commotion, only a single priest had ministered in the church of Dornoch. He now proposed to build a cathedral there at his own expense, and he appointed ten canons, and for their maintenance and his own he set apart twenty parish churches, with their emoluments.

It is quite clear he would have been unable to do this without encouragement and aid from the Earl. He and the Bishop, however, before the Latter’s death in 1245, had a dispute as to some lands. The merits of the quarrel are unknown, but it was not finally settled for many years afterwards.

Sir Robert Gordon describes this earl as taking part in an encounter with a marauding band of Norsemen, who were defeated at Embo, and driven back to their ships, the Earl’s kinsman, Richard Moray being killed in the fray. But the story is doubtful, as Sir Richard Moray survived the Earl, and the tradition seems rather to refer to an incident of the year 1263.

The first Earl is said to have died in 1248, and was buried in the south side of the cathedral of Dornoch. He was succeeded by his son, William, second Earl of Sutherland...

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VIII , Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 321-23.
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Sir Robert Gordon states that William, first Earl of Sutherland, died at Dunrobin in 1248 and was buriied in the south aisle of the cathedral church of Dornoch, which from thenceforth was the usual burial-place of the earls of of Sutherland. He left issue, so far as is known, only one son, William, second Earl of Sutherland, who succeeded him.

Source: THE SUTHERLAND BOOK, by Sir William Fraser, K.C.B., LL.D., Vol. I, October 1894, p. 14.
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The family of Sutherlands, Lairds of Duffus descends from Freskin's grandson, Hugh, Lord of Duffus, Hugh's son, William, Lord Duffus and Sutherland, the 1st Earl of Sutherland
, and then through Kenneth, 4th Earl. They lived at Duffus by Elgin in Moray and Skelbo by Dornoch in Sutherland, two castles of great antiquity now both ruins.

Source: Sutherland Septs & Associated Families - http://www.clansutherland.org/FrSepts.htm
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William, Lord of Sutherland, died 1248
. He was created Earl of Sutherland about 1235, and left a son, William, second Earl of Sutherland.

Source: THE HERALDRY OF THE MURRAYS, , by G. Harvey Johnston, Edinburgh, 1910, p. 5.
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