NameEarl Alexander STEWART Of Mar & Garioch , M
Birth Dateabt 1380
Birth PlaceBuchan, Strathdon, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Death Date1435
Death PlaceKildrummy, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Spouses
Birth Date1360
Birth PlaceDouglasdale, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death Date1408
Death PlaceKildrummy, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Marr Dateabt Dec 1404
No Children
Marr Dateabt 1411
No Children
3UNNAMED , F
Unmarried
ChildrenThomas , M (~1395-<1435)
 Janet , F (~1409-1485)
 Duncan / Donnchadh , M (~1400-)
Notes for Earl Alexander STEWART Of Mar & Garioch
He deserted his wife for a woman named Mariota, who may have been the mother of his illegitimate children.

He had six bastard sons and one daughter, but he had no legitimate issue:

1. Alexander Earl of Mar
2. Sir Andrew, of Sandhauch, now Sandlaw, Alvah, Banffshire.
3. Duncan.
4. James
5. Walter
6. Robert of Athol
7. Margaret, married to Robert, Earl of Sutherland.

On the death of Earl Alexander, the earldom of Ross and the barony of Kingedward passed to the legitimate heiress, Euphemia Leslie, grand-daughter of the Countess of Ross; but the earldom of Buchan went to the nearest heir of the late Earl, who was his next older brother.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol II, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 262-
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The Countess was married, secondly, to Sir Alexander Stewart, eldest natural son of Alexander, Earl of Buchan, the ‘Wolf of Badenoch,’ a young man of wild tendencies and a leader of ‘caterans.’

He is said to have seized the person of the Countess as well as her castle of Kildrummy, but on 12 August 1404 she convayed to him and his heirs to be born betwixt them, whom failing, to his lawful heirs, whomsoever, her earldom of Mar and her other lands, on the footing of a contract of marriage betwixt them. This, however, was probably compulsory, and the charter was never confirmed by the King, a fact which rendered it wholly invalid.

On 19 September 1404, in presence of a distinguished company, Sir Alexander went through the form, for it was nothing more, of delivering up to the Countess her castle with all its contents. She then, with the keys in her hands, chose him publicly as her husband, and made over to him all her earldom and lands. This was followed by a charter by the Countess repeating the former grant, dated 9 December 1404, with a very different destination, namely, to his heirs to be born of the marriage, whom failing, to her heirs on either side.

This important writ was duly confirmed by King Robett III on 21 January 1404-5. The marriage apparently took place between 9 December 1404 and 2 January 1404-5, as on the latter date, Sir Alexander Stewart is styled Lord of Mar, and after the royal confirmation he appears as Earl of Mar and Garioch.

After his marriage, The Earl of Mar began to distinguish himself in public affairs both at home and abroad. In 1406 he went to England to take part in a passage of arms with Edmund, Earl of Kent. He then went to Flanders, and his magnificent display with his warlike exploits there are chronicled by the contemporary Wyntoun. He returned to Scotland in the beginning of 1409.

Some time between that and 1411 he married the heiress of Duffel in Brabant, and is styled Lord of Duffel in a writ of 17 march 1410-11, but it is said he was separated from her. An effort was certainly made in that direction, as in 1415, at the instance of Robert, Duke of Albany, Pope Benedict XIII issued a commission to declare the marriage null which Alexander, Earl of Mar, had constracted in Brabant with Maria de Hoorne. He lived with her eight days or so, and then returned to Scotland; she having been previously married to one from whom she had separated without a judge’s decree; and the Earl now wished to marry another. The marriage, however, was not annulled, as on 18 December 1415, the Earl and Mary, his wife, received an indulgence to choose a confessor, and in a writ of 1432 she is described as Marie van Hoerne (daughter of William van Hoorne and Marie van Randerode), and it is said that her husband the Earl of Mar had not for a long time past been in Brabent, and no more in a position to go there. Her will is dated April 1433, and she was dead before June 1436.

In the same year as his second marriage, 1411, he commanded the force which checked at harlaw the advance of Donald of the Isles and his Highlanders.

The Earl had no family by either of his wives, but he had a natural son, Thomas, and he obtained from King James I, on 28 may 1426, a charter granting the Earldom of Mar and the lordship of the Garioch to himself and his son with reversion to the King and his heirs. The king also, in the following January granted or continued to him the lordship of Badenoch for life.

He died in 1435, without lawful issue, his son, Thomas, who had married Elizabeth Douglas, widow of John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, without issue having predeceased him.

The Earl is alsid to have had a natural daughter, Janet, married to Lachlan McLean of Dowart. She had a grant of certain rents from King James II, which she enjoyed until her death about Martinmas 1485.

This history of the earldom of Mar, of which the first part here ends, and which becomes somewhat involved continues in the next section of this volume.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol V, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 586-9.
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Notes for Isabel (Spouse 1)
She [Countess Margaret] appears, however, to have died before 22 November 1393, when her daughter is styled Countess of Mar.

Her issue by William, Earl of Douglas, were:

1. James who succeeded his father about May 1384 as Earl of Douglas, and grants charters as such, including one as Earl of Douglas and Mar, while his sead, like his father’s bor the cognisances of both earldoms. He died at Otterburn 5 August 1388, and predeceased his mother.

2. Isabella.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol V, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 585-6.
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Isabella, Countess of Mar, succeeded to the lands and earldom, but the variations in her designation are perplexing.

- She is first mentioned in the protest of 12 March 1390-91, and is referred to isabel, wife of sir Malcolm Drummond.
- She is next styled Countess of Mar in a writ of 22 November 1393, by King Robert III conceding to Sir Thomas Erskine that although Countess Isabella should for any reason resign or alienate the earldom or any part thereof in prejudice of her true heirs (a position claimed for the wife of Sir Thomas) he, the King, would not receive such resignations nor ratify any alienations.
- A month earlier, 19 October 1393, her husband is styled Lord of Mar.
- Later, in 1397, she is again styled Countess of Mar in the charters and other writs securing the succession of her natural brother, George Douglas, Earl of Angus, to the unentailed estates of her father and brother, the first and second Earls of Douglas.
- On 19 April 1400, in a charter by her and her husband, Sir Malcolm Drummond, Lord of Mar, granting Liddesdale to George, Earl of Angus, she is described as Isabella, Lady of Mar and Garioch, while her seal is said to design her as Countess of Mar.
- She used the same style, Lady of Mar and Garioch in two charters dated 8 November 1402, after Sir Malcolm’s death, while a few months later
- on 18 March 1402-3, she grants certain lands to the Bishop of Aberdeen by her title of Countess of Mar and Garviauch, a style which she maintained to the end of her life.

She died between May and October 1408.

She was married, first, before July 1388, to Sir Malcolm Drummond in Strathurd, brother of Annabella, Queen of King Robert III. He never held the title of Earl of Mar, but is always designed Lord of Mar.

He was made prisoner in the year 1402 by a stratagem, and so severely treated in captivity that he died before November of that year.

The Countess was married, secondly, to Sir Alexander Stewart, eldest natural son of Alexander, Earl of Buchan, the ‘Wolf of Badenoch,’ a young man of wild tendencies and a leader of ‘caterans.’

He is said to have seized the person of the Countess as well as her castle of Kildrummy, but on 12 August 1404 she convayed to him and his heirs to be born betwixt them, whom failing, to his lawful heirs, whomsoever, her earldom of Mar and her other lands, on the footing of a contract of marriage betwixt them. This, however, was probably compulsory, and the charter was never confirmed by the King, a fact which rendered it wholly invalid.

On 19 September 1404, in presence of a distinguished company, Sir Alexander went through the form, for it was nothing more, of delivering up to the Countess her castle with all its contents. She then, with the keys in her hands, chose him publicly as her husband, and made over to him all her earldom and lands. This was followed by a charter by the Countess repeating the former grant, dated 9 December 1404, with a very different destination, namely, to his heirs to be born of the marriage, whom failing, to her heirs on either side.

This important writ was duly confirmed by King Robett III on 21 January 1404-5. The marriage apparently took place between 9 December 1404 and 2 January 1404-5, as on the latter date, Sir Alexander Stewart is styled Lord of Mar, and after the royal confirmation he appears as Earl of Mar and Garioch.

After his marriage, the Earl of Mar began to distinguish himself in public affairs both at home and abroad. In 1406 he went to England to take part in a passage of arms with Edmund, Earl of Kent. he then went to Flanders, and his magnificent display and his warlike exploits there are chronicles by the contemporary Wyntoun.

He returned to Scotland in the beginning of 1409. Sometime between that and 1411, he married the heiress of duffel in Brabant, and is styled Lord of Duffel in a srit of 17 march 1410-11, but it is said he was separated from her. An effort was certainly made in that direction, as in 1415, at the instance of Robert, Duke of Albany, Pope Benedict Xiii issued a commission to delare the marriage null which Alexander, Earl of Mar, had contracted in Brabant with Maria de Hoorne. He had lived with her eight days or so, and then returned to Scotland; she having been previously married to one from whom she had separated without a judge’s decree, and the Earl now wished to marry another.

The marriage, however, was not annulled, as on 18 December 1415, the Earl, and Mary, his wife, received an indulgence to choose a confessor, and in a writ of 1432 she is described as Marie van Hoerne (daughter of William van hoorne and Marie van Randerode), and it is said that her husband, the Earl of Mar, has not for a long time past been in Brabant, and is no more in a position to go there.

Her will is dated April 1433, and she was dead before June 1436.

In the same year as his second marriage, 1411, he commanded the force which checked at Harlaw the advance of Donald of the Isles and his Highlanders.

The Earl had no family by either of his wives, but he had a natural son, Thomas, and he obtained from King James I, on 28 May 1426, a charter granting the earldom of Mar and the lordship of the Garioch to himself and his son with reversion to the King and his heirs. The King also in the following January, granted or continued to him the lordship of Badenoch for life.

He died in 1435, without lawful issue, his son, Thomas, who had married Elizabeth Douglas, widow of John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, without issue, having predeceased him.

The Earl is also said to have had a natural daughter, Janet, married to Lachlan m’Lean of Dowart. she had a grant of certain rents from King James II, which she enjoyed until her death about Martinmas 1485.

This history of the earldom of Mar, of which the first part here ends, and which becomes somewhat involved continues in the next section of this volume.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol V, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 586-9.
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Notes for Maria (Spouse 2)
Some time between that and 1411 he [Alexander Stewart] married the heiress of Duffel in Brabant, and is styled Lord of Duffel in a writ of 17 march 1410-11, but it is said he was separated from her. An effort was certainly made in that direction, as in 1415, at the instance of Robert, Duke of Albany, Pope Benedict XIII issued a commission to declare the marriage null which Alexander, Earl of Mar, had constracted in Brabant with Maria de Hoorne.

He lived with her eight days or so, and then returned to Scotland; she having been previously married to one from whom she had separated without a judge’s decree; and the Earl now wished to marry another. The marriage, however, was not annulled, as on 18 December 1415, the Earl and Mary, his wife, received an indulgence to choose a confessor, and in a writ of 1432 she is described as Marie van Hoerne (daughter of William van Hoorne and Marie van Randerode), and it is said that her husband the Earl of Mar had not for a long time past been in Brabent, and no more in a position to go there. Her will is dated April 1433, and she was dead before June 1436.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol V, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 588.———————————————
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