Birth Date14 Aug 1337
Birth PlaceScone Palace, Perthshire, Scotland
Death Date4 Apr 1406
Death PlaceRothes, Moray, Scotland
OccupationKing, Coronation 14 Aug 1390, Scone Abbey, Perthshire, Scotland
FatherKing Robert STEWART II Of Scots , M (1316-1390)
MotherQueen Elizabeth MURE Of Scots , F (1320-<1355)
ChildrenJames , M
 John , M
Notes for John (Spouse 1)
King Robert married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan (dispensation by Pope Clement VI, 22 November 1347), and had by her:

1. John, who succeeded him on the throne as Robert III.

2. Walter, married Isabella, Countess of Fife, and died about 1362.
3. Robert, Duke of Albany
4. Alexander, Earl of Buchan
5. Margaret, married (dispensation by Pope Clement VI dated at Avignon 18 Kal. July 1350, as they were related in the third and fourth degrees of affinity) John, Lord of the Isles.
6. Marjorie, married (dispensation by Pope Urban V, 11 july 1371) to John, brother of George of Dunbar, Earl of March. They were created Earl and Countess of Moray, March 1371-2.
7. Elizabeth, married to Thomas Hay, Constable of Scotland.
8. Isabella, was married first (by dispensation 24 September 1371), to James, Earl of Douglas; second, between 1388 and 1390 to Sir John Edmonstone, ancestor of the family of Duntreath.
9. Jean, was married first, to Sir John Keith, eldest son of the Marischal; second, to Sir John Lyon, by whom she became ancestress of the Earls of Strathmore; and third, to Sir James Sandilands of Calder, and became ancestress of the Lords Torpichen.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 12-17.

Robert III was the title taken by Robert II’s eldest son, John, in deference to popular feeling.

He was born about 1337. The Earldom of Carrick was conferred on him by David II in Parliament at Scone on 22 June 1368, and on 27 March 1371 he was declared in Parliament to be heir to the Crown. He succeeded his father 19 April, and was crowned at Scone 14 August 1390.

His eldest son was appointed King’s Lieutenant 27 January 1398-99 as the king was ‘unable to govern.’

King Robert married, about the year 1367, Annabella, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall, who was crowned at Scone 15 august 1390, and died there in the autumn of 1401.

He died at Dundonald on 4 April 1406, about the time when his eldest surviving son, James, was captured by the English, and was buried in the Abbey church of Paisley,

having had issue:

1. David, born 24 October 1378, created Duke of Rothesay 28 April 1398, and appointed Lieutenant or Governor for his father …
2. Robert, who died in infancy.
3. James, afterwards James I, King of Scots.
4. Margaret, who was married to Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas …
5. Mary, who was married, first, in 1397, to George Douglas, Earl of Angus …
6. Elizabeth, who was married to Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith.
7. Egidia

King Robert III had also two illegitimate sons:

1. James Steward of Kilbride.
2. Sir John Stewart of Auchingowan and Ardgowan, ancestor of the Shaw Stewarts …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 17-18.

Robert III
(14 August 1337 – April 1406), born John Stewart, was King of Scots from 1390 to his death. He was known primarily as the Earl of Carrick before ascending the throne at age 53. He was the eldest son of Robert II and Elizabeth Mure and was legitimated with the marriage of his parents in 1347.

John joined his father and other magnates in a rebellion against his grand-uncle, David II early in 1363 but submitted to him soon afterwards.

He married Anabella Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall before 31 May 1367 when the Steward ceded to him the earldom of Atholl. In 1368 David created him Earl of Carrick. His father became king in 1371 after the unexpected death of the childless King David. In the succeeding years Carrick was influential in the government of the kingdom but became progressively more impatient at his father's longevity. In 1384 Carrick was appointed the king's lieutenant after having influenced the general council to remove Robert II from direct rule. Carrick's administration saw a renewal of the conflict with England. In 1388 the Scots defeated the English at the Battle of Otterburn where the Scots' commander, James, Earl of Douglas, was killed. By this time Carrick had been badly injured by a horse-kick but the loss of his powerful ally, Douglas, saw a turnaround in magnate support in favour of his younger brother Robert, Earl of Fife and in December 1388 the council transferred the lieutenancy to Fife.

In 1390, Robert II died and Carrick ascended the throne as Robert III but without authority to rule directly. Fife continued as lieutenant until February 1393 when power was returned to the king in conjunction with his son David. At a council in 1399 owing to the king's 'sickness of his person', David, now Duke of Rothesay, became lieutenant of the kingdom in his own right but supervised by a special parliamentary group dominated by Fife, now styled Duke of Albany. After this, Robert III withdrew to his lands in the west and for a time played little or no part in affairs of state. ...

On 22 February 1371 David II (who was preparing to marry the earl of March's sister, Agnes Dunbar) unexpectedly died, presumably to the relief of both John and his father. Robert was crowned at Scone Abbey on 27 March 1371 and before this date had given John—now styled Steward of Scotland—the ancestral lands surrounding the Firth of Clyde. The manner in which the succession was to take place was first entailed by Robert I when female heirs were excluded and David II attempted unsuccessfully on several occasions to have the council change the succession procedure. Robert II quickly moved to ensure the succession of John when the general council attending his coronation officially named Carrick as heir—in 1373 the Stewart succession was further strengthened when parliament passed entails defining the manner in which each of the king's sons could inherit the crown. After the coronation John Dunbar who had received the lordship of Fife from David II now resigned the title so that the king's second son, Robert, earl of Monteith could receive the earldom of Fife—Dunbar was compensated with the provision of the earldom of Moray.

A son, David, the future Duke of Rothesay, was born to Carrick and Annabella on 24 October 1378. In 1381, Carrick was calling himself 'lieutenant for the marches' sustained by his connections to border magnates such as his brother-in-law, James Douglas son of William, Earl of Douglas who he succeeded in 1384.

In May 1390 parliament granted John permission to change his regnal name to Robert, probably in part to maintain the link back to Robert I but also to disassociate himself from King John Balliol. The four-month delay in the crowning of Robert III can be seen as a period when Fife and his affinity sought to ensure their future positions and which also saw Buchan's opportunistic attack on Elgin Cathedral, settling an old score with the Bishop of Moray and possibly also a protest at Fife's reappointment as the king's lieutenant.

In 1392, Robert III strengthened the position of his son David, now earl of Carrick, when he endowed him with a large annuity that allowed the young prince to build up his household and affinity and then in 1393 regained his right to direct rule when the general council decided that Fife's lieutenancy should end and that Carrick now of age should assist his father. This independence of action was demonstrated in 1395–6 when he responded to Carrick's unauthorised marriage to Elizabeth Dunbar, daughter of George, Earl of March by ensuring its annulment.The king appears to have also taken over the conduct of foreign affairs, preserving the peace with Richard II and managing to increase the power of the Red Douglas Earl of Angus in the southeast of the country as a counterbalance to Fife's Black Douglas ally. He further showed his authority when in an attempt to reduce inter-clan feuding and lawlessness, he arranged and oversaw a gladiatorial limited combat between the clans of Kay and Quhele (Clan Chattan) in Perth on 28 April 1396. David of Carrick progressively acted independently of his father taking control of the Stewart lands in the south-west while maintaining his links with the Drummonds of his mother and all at a time when Fife's influence in central Scotland remained strong. ...

Robert III married Anabella Drummond, the daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall and Lady Mary Montifex, daughter of Sir William Montifex.

The marriage resulted in seven children:

David, Duke of Rothesay (b. 24 Oct 1378- d. 26 Mar 1402), who was betrothed to Elizabeth Dunbar but later married Marjory Douglas, the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas and Jean Moray (or Joanna Moravia) of Strathearn.
Robert (died in infancy)
James I of Scotland (b. Dec 1394 - d. 21 Feb 1437)
Margaret (died between 1450 and 1456), married Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, the son of Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas and Joanna de Moravia of Strathearn.
Mary, Married 1st George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus; Married 2nd Sir James Kennedy the Younger; Betrothed to Sir William Cunningham; Married 3rd to Sir William Graham of Kincardine; Married 4th Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath (ancestors of the Edmonstone baronets)
Elizabeth, married James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith, son of Sir James Douglas and Agnes Dunbar
Egidia; she died in infancy

Robert III also had at least two natural children:
James Stewart of Killbride
John Stewart of Ardgowan and Blackhall, who was an ancestor to the Shaw-Stewart baronets

Source: Wikipedia:
Last Modified 27 Jun 2015Created 9 Jan 2017 using Reunion for Macintosh