NameLady Kincardine , F
Death Dateabt 1412
Death PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Birth Dateabt 1372
Birth PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Death Date1424
Death PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
FatherSir Patrick GRAHAM Of Kincardine , M (~1335-<1404)
MotherLady Matilda Kincardine , F (~1350-)
Marr Dateabt 1395
ChildrenAlexander , M (~1396-~1420)
 John , M (~1398-)
 Elizabeth , F (~1400-)
Notes for William (Spouse 1)
(1) The Christian name of his [Patrick’s] first wife was Matilda, according to a charter of impignoration by Angus Hawincross of that Ilk, of part of the lands of Boclair, in favour of Sir Patrick of Graham knight, son and heir to David de Graham, Lord of Dundaff, and Matilda, wife of the said Patrick, dated at the manor place of Mugdock, 24 August 1372.

The issue of his first marriage were:

1. Sir William.
2. Matilda, married to Sir John Drummond of Concraig.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 214.

Sir William de Graham was present in a Justiciary Court of Strathearn when Alexander de Moravia, indicted for the slaughter of William de Spalding, was repledged by Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards Duke of Albany, by the law of Clan Macduff 7 December 1391.

He had a charter from Alice of Erth, Lady of Craigbernard, of certain lands in Mugdock wherein he is styled Lord of Kincardyn, 13 February 1400-01. He had also a grant from Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas of Logyachray in Stirlingshire, and apparently by the favour of that powerful nobleman appears to have become a tenant in chief of the Crown for his barony of Dundaff on the forfeiture of George of Dunbar, Earl of March.

Accompanying the Earl of Douglas in his invasion of England, he was made prisoner with him at Homildon Hill, 14 September 1402, but was soon after ransomed. After Douglas had been again made prisoner at Shrewsbury 1403, Sir William, on 8 March 1405, had a safe-conduct from Henry IV to commune with the Earl of Fife (Murdoch, son of the Duke of Albany) and Earl of Douglas, ‘being with the King,’ on certain matters touching their condition.

In the following year, he was one of the hostages for the return of Earl Douglas temporarily liberated. In the same year he was a commissioner receiving a safe-conduct to go to England to treat for peace or a long truce between the kingdoms.

He had a charter from Robert, Duke of Albany of the lands of Old Montrose and others, was an adherant of the duke, by whom he is styled ‘consanguineus carissimus,’ and is a frequent witness to charters granted by Albany as Governor of Scotland. He was at different times one of the commissioners sent by the Duke to England to treat for the release of James I, having safe conducts both from Henry IV and Henry V for that purpose.

He was an Auditor in Exchequer March 1405, and at intervals till June 1418.

Towards the end of his life, he acquired from Duncan, Earl of Lennox, the superiority of Mugdock and his other extensive estates in the Lennox, which have since been held directly of the Crown, and he obtained new charters of his other estates, with the exception of Kincardine, the fee of which he had previously settled on his eldest son. From these charters, the names of his sons are ascertained.

In some of the charters by Robert and Murdoch, Dukes of Albany, and of the English letters of Safe-conduct from the year 1412, he is styled Dominus de Graham or Lord Graham, which has led Crawfurd and Douglas to assign him the position of first Lord Graham, but in the latest of the charters above referred to — by Duncan, Earl of Lennox, of the lands in that earldom dated 10 August 1423 — he is styled simply ‘Dominus Willielmus de Graham miles.’ That is also his designation in a charter granted by him of the lands of Ballancleroch at Campsie, dated at Mugdock 11 August 1423.

Probably the title ‘Dominus de Graham’ was used by him simply as a comprehensive term in place of Dominus ‘de Dundaff’ of ‘de Kincardine’ as formerly.

He died in 1424.

He married, first, in his father’s lifetime, a lady whose name is not certainly known. Crawfurd, followed by Douglas and (with hesitation) by Wood, calls her Mariota, daughter of Sir John Oliphant of Aberdalgie, but he gives no authority, and there is probably confusion with the wife of his brother, Robert.

The children of the first marriage of Sir William de Graham, so far as known, were:

1. Alexander.
2. John, who appears as a substitute in a charter by Murdoch, Duke of Albany …
3. Elizabeth, who was contracted but not married to Robert de Keith …

He married secondly, before 1416, the Princess Mary (or Mariota) Stewart, daughter of Robert III, and widow of George, Earl of Angus, and of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure, and perhaps also of Sir william Cunningham of Kilmaurs.

After the death of Sir William de Graham, Princess Mary married in 1425, for the fourth or fifth time, to Sir william Edmonstone, by whom she was ancestress of the Edmonstones of Duntreath.

She died after 1458 and was buried in the parish church of Strathblane.

The issue of the second marriage, as appears from the charter of Dundaff and others above mentioned were:

4. Sir Robert Graham, variously designed of Old Monrose, of Ewisdale …
5. Patrick, named in the charter cited. He has been supposed by Douglas and Wood to have been the Archbishop of St. Andrews, but probably died young s.p.
6. William, who had a grant of the lands of Garvock …
7. Henry, who presumably died young s.p.
8. Walter, who had a charter from his nephew, Patrick, Lord Graham, of the lands of Wallaceton and Ardochmore …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 215-.

Sir William Graham of Kincardine
... was frequently employed in negociations withe the English relative to the liberation of King James the First.

He was twice married.

(1) By his first wife he had two sons

1. Alexander, who predeceased him, leaving two sons, and
2. John

(2) His second wife was the princess Mary Stewart, second daughter of King Robert the Second, widow of the Earl of Angus and of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure; after Sir William Graham’s death, she took for her fourth husband Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath.

By this lady he had five sons, namely,

1. Sir Robert Graham of Strathcarron, ancestor of the
Grahams of Fintry, of Claverhouse, and of Duntrune.
2. Patrick Graham, consecrated Bishop of Brechin, in 1463, and three years after translated to the See of St. Andrews.
3. William, ancestor of the Grahams of Garvoch in Perthshire, from a younger son of whom came the Grahams of Balgowan, the most celebrated of which family was the gallant Sir Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, the hero of Barossa.
4. Henry, of whom nothing is known.
5. Walter of Wallacetown, Dumbartonshire, ancestor of the Grahams of Knockdolian in Carrick, and their cadets.



Sir William Graham, Lord of Kincardine, chief of the name, and ancestor of the Dukes of Montrose

(2) married in 1406, for his second wife, the Lady Mary Stuart, daughter of Robert III, king of Scotland, and widow of George, Earl of Angus, and of Sir James Kennedy, of Dunure, progenitor of the Marquis of Ailsa.

Of this marriage, the sons were:

1. Robert (Sir), who became “of Fintry.”
2. Patrick, first archbishhop of St. Andrews, who obtained, with the promacy, a legatine commission to reform the abuses of the church, and is describes as “a singular good man, and of great virtue.: He succeeded his half brother, Bishop James Kennedy, in the see of Saint Andrews.
3. William, ancestor of the Grahams, of Garvock.
4. Harry.
5. Walter, from whom descended the Grahams of Knockdolian, in Carrick, and of Wallacetown, in Dumbarton.

Source: HISTORY OF THE COMMONERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, “Enjoying territorial Possessions or High Official Rank,” … by John Burke, Esq., London, 1836, Vol 3, p. 120.
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