NameEarl George DUNBAR 10th Of Dunbar & 3rd Or 5th Of March , M
Birth Date1338
Birth PlaceSwinwood, Berwickshire, Scotland
Death Dateaft 8 Sep 1422
FatherSir Patrick de DUNBAR Of Swinwood , M (~1300-~1357)
Birth Dateabt 1345
Birth PlaceSeton, East Lothian, Scotland
FatherSir Alan de SETON Of Wintoun , M (~1310-~1363)
Marr Dateabt 1365
ChildrenGeorge , M (~1366->1455)
 Gawin , M (~1368-<1418)
 Elizabeth , F (~1370-)
 Columba , M (~1375-<1435)
 Patrick , M (~1385-)
 John , M (~1390-)
 David , M (1393-)
 Janet , F (~1395-)
ChildrenNicholas , M
Notes for Earl George DUNBAR 10th Of Dunbar & 3rd Or 5th Of March
He married, perhaps as his second wife, Isabella, younger daughter of Thomas Randolph, first Earl of Moray. Isabella Randolph survived her husband, and on 20 july 1361, as Isabella Ranulph, heiress of John Ranulph, Earl of Moray, etc. (her brother), she confirmed a charter by Andrew del Garvyauch, of date 8 August 1357. ...

Sir Patrick Dunbar and Isabella Randolph had issue:

1. George, who became tenth Earl of Dunbar ...

2. John, who was, in 1372, created Earl of Moray.
3. Sir Patrick Dunbar of Bele or Biel ...
4. Agnes, whom George, Earl of Dunbar, styles his very dear sister ...

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 260

George, tenth Earl of Dunbar and third or fifth Earl of March, usually known as George, tenth Earl of March, Lord of Man and Annandale, was on of the most prominent members of his family.

He was probably born about 1340, and, strange to say, his exact parentage was forgotten or overlooked until a few years ago. ... In an early MS. of Fordun’s Annales ... it is stated that Sir Patrick of Dunbar, who fought at Poictiers, and afterwards went towards the Holy Land, was the father of George, afterwards Earl of March. Sir Patrick’s wife was Isabel Randolph, and as she was sister, and one of the two heiresses of John Randolph, third Earl of Moray, it is easy to explain how Earl George came to possess the randolph estates as well as the earldom of March or Dunbar.

His first appearance on record is in 1363, when, on 28 June, King David II confirmed to him a grant of one-half of the baronies of Tibbers and Morton, in Dumfriesshire, which Patrick, Earl of March, and Agnes, his wife, had resigned in his favour. These were Randolph estates, and the Earl and Countess therefore only resigned one-half, while the other, no doubt, was inherited from his mother.

- In May 1367 he was a witness to a charter by Earl Patrick and his wife to the monks of Durham, where he is described as their ‘cousin.’
- On 25 July 1368 he received from King David II two charters, the first of the baronies of Cumsock, Blantyre, Glenken, and Mochrum, in the counties of Ayr and Lanark, and ‘sheriffdom of Dumfries,’ resigned by Patrick of Dunbar, Knight, last Earl of March, and the second of the earldom of March, also resigned by the last Earl. The terms used seem to imply that Earl Patrick was still alive, but no longer Earl, and the references to the Earl of March after the above date appear to relate to George.
- He was certainly Earl in June 1369, and he appears in Parliament in March 1369 and February and October 1370
- After the accession of King Robert II, the Earl was present in Parliament when the Act of Succession was passed, 27 March 1371, and his seal is still affixed to it and to the Act of Confirmation on 4 April 1373.
- He seems to have resented greatly the presence of the English in his family estate of Annandale, and grevious complaints were made to Edward III in 1376, by the English Chamberlain of Lochmaben Castle, that the rents suffered from the Earl’s depredations, which had evidently been made in 1375.
- In 1377 the Earl of Northumberland complained to the King of Scots as to violence done by the Earl of March at Roxburgh
. - - In April 1378 the Earl of Northumberland complained that the Earls of March, Douglas, and others were harassing the English borders, and from a list of lands in 1380, taken from the English, it appears that these nobles, and particularly March, had recovered considerable portions of their estates.

A later exploit of the Earl’s was the capture of the Baron of Greystock, who was appointed keeper of Roxburgh Castle, an event which has been assigned to the year 1384, but must have taken place before Novembeer 1382. The Earl was one of the leaders under the Earl of Douglas, in the famous raid into England which ended in the battle of Otterburn on 5 August 1388. After the death of Douglas, March pressed forward with his division, and fought ‘right valiantly,’ as Froissart has it, so pressing upon the English forces that they gave way.

In the first part of the year 1400, the Earl’s friendly relations to King Robert III underwent a change, owing to the bad faith shown to his daughter by the Duke of Rothesay. In February 1400 the Earl wrote the English King telling him of the insult to his daughter, and desiring a safe-conduct that he might have a personal interview. He also claimed kinship with the King, through their mutual Comyn descent. Henry IV, in the following June, gave the necessary permission for the interview, which probably took place at York, towards which the King was proceeding. Henry was too astute not to encourage a valuable ally, and the result was the transference of the Earl with his whole family to England.

One reason of this was that his castle of Dunbar was seized for the Scottish King by the Earl of Douglas, and the lordships of Dunbar and Annandale were forfeited. He became high in Henry’s favour, and various manors, Somerton, Clipston, and others, besides considerable sums of money, were bestowed on him. He took service on the Marches, at Martinmas 1401, and in the following year was the chief means of a severe check given to the Scots on Nisbet Moor, 22 June 1402. It was his military genius also, added to his knowledge of the Scottish mode of warfare, which gained for the English the battle of Homildon Hill, on 14 Septembe 1402, and at the battle Shrewsbury, 21 July 1403, he gave advice which tended to save both King Henry’s life and his kingdom. For these great services he received considerable rewards in manors and money, and he was allowed pursuivant ‘Shewsbury Herald.”

He was still in England in June 1407, but about that date his name drops from the English records, and he and his Countess appear to have bent their steps northward, if a letter, undated, written by her to King Henry IV is to be attributed to this year, as seems probable. Whether as a result of this letter or not, a sum of £90 was, in June 1407, given by King Henry to the Earl and his wife, and in the following year, the Earl was reconciled to the Regent Albany and restored to his earldom, but in 1409 he was compelled to resign his lordship of Annandale, which for a time became the property of the Earls of Douglas, though he still retained his lordship of Man.

After that date, he does no appear so frequently, once or twice witnessing charters by the Regent Albany and on one occasion being called into consultation as to measures of resistance against the Lord of the isles; while in 1411 he was one of eight Scottish commissioners appointed to negotiate for a truce.

The chronicler Bower records this Earl’s death as taking place in, or a little before, the year 1420. this date, however, is uncertain. It is true that a pension from Exchequer ceases between June 1417 and June 1418, but on the other hand he appears to have been still alive in July 1420, and Nisbet gives a copy of a charter to George Inglis of Lochend, of date 8 September 1422, in which the Earl of March, the granter, describes on of the witnesses as ‘Christiana my spouse,’ suggesting the tenth Earl. ...

The Earl married a lady named Christiana, who is said to have been the daughter of Sir Alexander Seton of Seton.

They had issue:

1. Sir George, who succeeded as Earl of March.
2. Sir Gavin (or Wawan), named next after George in a royal grant of 1390 ...
3. Colin or Columba, born about 1380, perhaps earlier, styled Colin in a writ of 1390, named as third son there ...
4. Patrick, named fourth in writ of 1390 and in the safe-conduct ...
5. John, named fifth in the writ of 1390, and then apparently the youngest. ...
6. Sir David, not named in writ of 1390, but named sixth in the safe-conduct of 1402. ...
7. Elizabeth, betrothed in 1395 to David, Earl of Carrick, who, before 1396, married, and afterwards repudiated her about the year 1400 as stated. ...

[Footnote: Another daughter, Janet, who is not named either in the safe-conduct or in the above writ, is said to have married John Seton. It was not he, but his son William who married a Janet, though the evidence for her being a Dunbar is not conclusive. A discharge 3 Mar 1413-14, by George Dunbar, son and heir of the Earl, to Sir John Seton, for £300 Scots, tocher of his sister Jonet, is referred to in the Family of Seton, ii; Exch Rolls, iv. 602. The form of the discharge suggests that a Dunbar was marrying a Seton. (p. 275,)]

The Earl also had a natural son, Nicholas, for whom in 1394, the Pope was petitioned for a dispensation that he might be ordained, but apparently he did not adopt the clerical office, as in 1421 he was a prisoner in the tower with his brother Sir David, and is then described as ‘Esquire.’

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 270-6.

George de Dunbar, 10th Earl of Dunbar and March
(1338–1420), 12th Lord of Annandale and Lord of the Isle of Man, was "one of the most powerful nobles in Scotland of his time, and the rival of the Douglases."

Pitscottie states that this George is a son of John de Dunbar of Derchester & Birkynside, by his spouse Geiles (or Isabella), daughter of Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray (d. 1332). John was son of an Alexander de Dunbar, Knt. Alexander was a younger brother of Sir Patrick de Dunbar, 9th Earl of March. George succeeded his cousin or uncle Sir Patrick in his honours and estates, and appears in a charter dated 28 June 1363; and is second witness, styled 'cousin' of Sir Patrick and his wife 'black' Agnes, in another charter signed at Dunbar Castle on 24 May 1367. "Robetus de Lawedre, consanguineus noster" (a cousin) witnessed a charter of "Georgii comitis Marchie" relating to Sorrowlessfield, a still extant property on the (A68) road south of Earlston, Berwickshire, in the reign (1390–1406) of Robert III, indicating both his extended family and that he was active in the management of the Dunbar family estates during Robert's reign.

The Earl of March accompanied James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas in his incursion into England, and after the Battle of Otterburn (1388) he took command of the Scots, whom he conducted safely home. His daughter Elizabeth was betrothed by contract to David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, son of King Robert III and heir to the throne, but Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas, 'The Grim', protested against the match, and through the influence of the Duke of Albany had the contract annulled, and the prince as married to his own daughter Marjory, instead.

In consequence of this slight upon his family's honour, George renounced his allegiance to Robert III and retired into England, placing himself under the protection of King Henry IV. On 28 June 1401, Henry granted, by Letters Patent, to "George de Dunbarre earl of the March of Scotland and Cristiana his wife" the lordship of Somerton in Lincolnshire, and the heirs male of their bodies, to be held by homage and military service. On the same day Henry gave "George de Dunbarre earl of the March of Scotland" £100 sterling per annum "of his special favour" and in October granted him 'costs' of £25/9s/7d; and granted his wife "Cristiana countess of Dunbarre" £40/19s/3d "for her charges and expenses coming from the North at his command, to prosecute certain matters touching her husband, herself, and their heirs".

In 1401 he made a wasteful inroad into Scotland, and in June 1402 he was victorious against a small Scottish force at the Battle of Nesbit Moor. At the subsequent Battle of Homildon Hill he again fought on the English side.

In the summer of 1403 the Percies declared open revolt again King Henry IV and raised their Standard of revolt at Chester. A plan was hatched to seize the King's son, the young Prince of Wales, at Shrewsbury. The plan was foiled by the extreme speed with which Henry IV moved once he heard details of the revolt. "Egged on by his very competent and energetic ally, the renegade Scotsman, George Dunbar", he drove his men across the Midlands towards Shrewsbury, raising more troops as he went. The Battle of Shrewsbury took place on 21 July 1403, with Dunbar fighting on the side of Henry IV. It was a Royal victory and the revolt was, for the moment, over.

Thereafter in the same year "George de Dunbar earl of the March of Scotland" petitioned (Parliamentary Petitions, No.961) Henry IV stating that he had lost all his castles, lordships, goods and chattels in Scotland on account of his being his liegeman, and asked the King to "ordain in this parliament that if any conquest is made in the realm of Scotland, the petitioner may have restoration of his castles, &c., and also his special protection for all dwelling in the earldom of March who come to his allegiance hereafter". This was endorsed by the King.

On 21 January 1403/4 "George de Dunbarre earl of the March of Scotland" received a £100 annuity from Henry IV.

Between 14 and 18 August 1403, King Henry granted George de Dunbar, Earl of March, the ward of the manors and lordships of Kyme and Croftes in Lincolnshire, and a house and chattels in Bishopsgate, City of London, for life, which had previously belonged to the late Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, and was forfeited by his rebellion.

Under a Letters Patent, "the King's cousin, George de Dunbarre, Earl of March of Scotland", for "his daily service and great costs" was given the manor of Clippeston in Shirewood by King Henry IV on 10 June 1405. In addition, on 14th of the following month, the King gave him the ward of the lands of the late Thomas Umfraville in Haysille on Humber in York, till the majority of Gilber his heir, or his heirs in succession if he dies in minority.

In addition he shared in the forfeited estates of the attainted Thomas Bardolf, 5th Lord Bardolf (who later fell with Percy at the Battle of Bramham Moor in February 1408). However, as the following decree shows, George did not retain them all: "27 April 1407. The King to the sheriff of Lincoln. Referring to the late plea in Chancery between Amicia wife of Thomas, late lord of Bardolf, and George de Dunbarre regarding certain lands in Ruskynton forfeited by Thomas, which had been granted by the King to George, with the manor of Calthorpe, the half of Ancaster (and many others), wherein it was adjudged that Rusynton should be excepted from the grant and restored to her with the rents, etc., from 27 November 1405, drawn by George, - the King orders him to restore the same to Amicia. Westminster.

Through the mediation of Sir Walter Haliburton of Dirleton, reconciliation with the Douglases was effected in 1408, and he was allowed to return to Scotland the following year, taking possession of his earldom of March, but said to be deprived of the lordship of Annandale.

In 1411 he was one of the Scottish Commissioners for negotiating a truce with England, but died of a contagious fever, in 1420, at the age of 82.

He married Christine, daughter of Sir William Seton,

and had at least eight children, including:

• Sir George, 11th Earl of Dunbar & March
Columba de Dunbar, Bishop of Moray
• Sir Gavin de Dunbar of Cumnock
Patrick de Dunbar, took Fast Castle in 1410
Janet, who married as her first husband, Sir John Seton of Seton, Knt.,(d. 1441)
Marjory, who married Sir John Swinton, 15th of that Ilk, killed at the Battle of Verneuil, France, in 1424.
• Sir David de Dunbar of Cockburn, whose daughter, Marjorie/Margaret de Dunbar, married Alexander Lindsay, 2nd Earl of Crawford

Source: Wikipedia:,_Earl_of_March

He [George 10th] m. Christine, sister of Sir William Seton, and had issue,

1. George, his heir
2. Gawin (Sir), of Cumnock
3. Patrick (Sir), of Beil
4. John
5. David
6. Columba, Bishop of Moray, d. 1433

1. Elizabeth, who should have been Duchess of Rothsay, d. unm.
2. Janet, m. 1st to Joh, Lord Seton, and 2ndly, sir Adam Johnstone, of Johnstone, by whom she had a son, Matthew, ancestor of the Baronets of Westerhall.
3. Margery, m. to Sir John Swinton.

Source: A GENEALOGICAL HISTORY OF THE DORMANT, ABEYANT, FORFEITED, AND EXTINCT PEERAGES, of the British Empire, by Sir Bernard Burke, LL.D., London, 1866, p. 604
Notes for Christiana / Margaret (Spouse 1)
He [George Dunbar] married Christine, daughter of Sir William Seton,

and had at least eight children, including:

• Sir George, 11th Earl of Dunbar & March
Columba de Dunbar, Bishop of Moray
• Sir Gavin de Dunbar of Cumnock
Patrick de Dunbar, took Fast Castle in 1410
Janet, who married as her first husband, Sir John Seton of Seton, Knt.,(d. 1441)
Marjory, who married Sir John Swinton, 15th of that Ilk, killed at the Battle of Verneuil, France, in 1424.
• Sir David de Dunbar of Cockburn, whose daughter, Marjorie/Margaret de Dunbar, married Alexander Lindsay, 2nd Earl of Crawford

Source: Wikipedia:,_Earl_of_March
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