NameLord James DOUGLAS 1st Of Dalkeith , M
Birth Dateabt 1340
Birth PlaceLothian, Scotland
Death Date1420
Death PlaceDalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland
FatherLord John de DOUGLAS Of Lothian , M (~1302-<1350)
MotherLady Agnes Munfode , F (~1320-)
Spouses
Birth Dateabt 1350
Birth PlaceSwinwood, Berwickshire, Scotland
Death Datebef Oct 1378
Death PlaceDalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland
FatherSir Patrick de DUNBAR Of Swinwood , M (~1300-~1357)
Marr Date21 Nov 1372
ChildrenAgnes , F (~1373-1450)
 James , M (~1374-1440)
 Jacoba , F (~1375-)
 William , M (~1376->1406)
Birth Dateabt 1327
Birth PlaceBathgate Castle, West Lothian, Scotland
Death Date1396
Marr Date1378
No Children
3UNNAMED , F
Unmarried
ChildrenJames , M
 John , M (-<1406)
 Margaret , F (~1355-)
Notes for Lord James DOUGLAS 1st Of Dalkeith
He [John Douglas] married a lady named Agnes, who had been identified as Agnes Munfode, widow of John Munfode, but this is not completely proved.

He had issue:

1. James, who succeeded to Dalkeith

2. William, who was created a knight between 1351 and 1375 ...
3. John, who is named in the entail of 1351 with his brothers ...
4. Henry, who became the ancestor of the Douglasses of Lochleven and of the present Earl of Morton. ...
5. Thomas, named with his preceding four brothers in the entail of 1351, by Sir william Douglas of Liddesdale ...
6. Nicholas, not named in the entail of 1351, perhaps because he was very young. ...
7. Ellen.
8. Margaret. These daughters are named by their brother, Sir James ...
9. Elizabeth, named by Sir James in his wills ...

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI , Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 342-4
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Sir James Douglas is first named in a charter dated 7 April 1351, at Dalkeith, by which his uncle, Sir William, granted to him the lands of Aberdour in Fife.
He next occurs in the entail of 3 November 1351 made by Sir William Douglas of Liddesdale, and he is there designed nephew of the granter and son of the late Sir John Douglas, brother of Sir William. There he and four of his brothers are named in succession. It is not certain when he succeeded to Dalkeith and the other lands named in the entail. The grant of Aberdour was confirmed by King David II on 20 october 1360, and was followed by others ... all between 1360 and 1365.

Between 1365 and 30 june 1367, he had a dispute with Thomas Erskine, younger of Erskine, about certain lands in Dumfriesshire, which had belonged to Mary Douglas, daughter of the Knight of Liddesdale. She had married Erskine in 1365, and died in childbirth, when he claimed a liferent right over her estates. This was disputed by James Douglas who was her nearest heir, and the question was put to arbitration of a duel in presence of King David II. James Douglas was knighted by his kinsman, Sir Archibald, and Thomas Erskine by his father, and entering the lists they fought fiercely, and were with difficulty separated, even at the command of the King, but ultimately Erskine accepted a sum of money for his claim, and Sir James obtained his cousin’s lands, being duly served heir to her on 30 June 1367.

About the same date probably, certainly before 7 April 1370, when the deed was ratified by the King, William, Earl of Douglas, resigned any rights he had over the barony of Dalkeith. Previous to this, however, on 5 January 1368-69, Sir James received the royal permission to build, repair, or alter the castle of Dalkeith, and on 8 December 1369 he resigned the barony and castle in the hands of the King, receiving on the following day a charter in favour of himself athe lawful heirs-male of his body, with remainder always to his nearest heirs-male having the surname of Douglas ... After this he is styled in all writs Lord of Dalkeith, his former designation having been Sir James Douglas, knight.

From 1368 to 1371 Sir James appears on various committees of Parliament, and he did homage to King Robert II on his accession. In 1371 he was one of an important embassy to France. Between 1369 and 1372 Sir James received a large accession of territory. ...

Sir James does not appear to have taken much part in public affairs, but he was much attached to the Church, and expressed his devotion in stone and mortar. In December 1372 he obtained the royal consent to found a chaplainry in the chapel of St. Nicholas of Dalkeith, and to endow it from the lands of Horsbruke or Horsburgh, county peebles. In 1377 he further endowed another chaplainry in the same place, for the souls of his father and mother and other relatives.

In December 1384 he endowed another chapel within the Castle of Dalkeith in memory of his wife, Agnes Dunbar, with special endowments and provisions for continuing the services amid the interruptions of war or necessary repairs to the castle. In june 1406 he crowned his previous benefactions by adding to the original fabric of the chapel of St. Nicholas and endowing six chaplainries for a provost and five other priests, by adding considerably to the previous emoluments, and erecting the whole into a collegiate charge.

In the later years of his life, Sir James made at least two wills, which have been preserved. They are interesting as being the oldest known documents of that nature existing in Scotland, and also as showing what possessions were most valued by a Scottish Baron of the period. Jewels and relics of various kinds, some of them of great value, are given to his son and heir, with his armour, silver-plate, and all his books, including those of law and romances, except works on grammar and logic, which were bequeathed to a natural son, John Douglas of Aberdour. He makes a special provision that all books borrowed by him should be returned to their owners. Other jewels are bequeathed to other friends. One remarkable provision is that for the welfare of his uncle’s soul and his own, all the obligations found that were his uncle’s should be burned and declared void. Whether this was because of anything treasonable in these writs may be a question.

These wills contain much the same bequests and provisions, the first being dated on 30 September 1390, and the second on 19 December 1392. Sir James, however, survived his lated will by nearly thirty years, as he did not die till 1420, and then he succumbed to a malady, called popularly ‘Quhew,’ evidently the influenza, which was we are told, very fatal that year.

Sir James Douglas married, first, Agnes Dunbar, daughter of Sir Patrick Dunbar, by Isabella Randolph, and sister of George, Earl of March.
The marriage appears to have taken place between 8 and 21 November 1372, or perhaps on the latter date. She came to her husband with a large dowry, not of broad lands only, though these ... were extensive, but only a month before his death, King David II made a grant to her of six hundred merks of sterlings yearly from the customs of Aberdeen, and four hundred merks yearly from the customs of Haddington, a thousand merks in all, for her dress, personal furnishings, and other necessaries, though it has been suggested that the annuity ceased at her marriage. Her relations with the King, and the payments made on her behalf in 1639 and 1370, have called forth the opinion that her influence as favourite was beginning to supersede that of Queen Margaret Logie, whom the King was then endeavouring to divorce. Agnes Dunbar or Douglas died some time before October 1378.

Sir James married, secondly, about October 1378, Egidia Stewart or Lindsay, sister of King Robert., and widow successively of Sir James Lindsay of Crawford and Sir Hugh Eglinton. She was living in 1392, when her husband made his last will, but died before june 1406, when she is referred to as deceased.

By his first wife only, Sir James had issue:

1. Sir James, who succeeded.
2. William, who is said to have received Mordingtoun from his father. He is named for the first time, on 22 April 1372, in his brother’s marriage contract. He is also named in his father’s testaments as a legatee of 20 merks and a gold ring. On 15 July 1401 his father granted him various land and a fishing on the Tay, in the barony of Kinnoul. He was still alive in 1406.
3. Agnes, contracted on 15 August 1381, when quite young, to marry john Livingstone of Callendar, as his second wife. he was killed at Homildon in 1402, and she married secondly, John Gordon of that Ilk, whom she also survived. she was alive in 1422, but may have died in that year.
4. Jacoba, to whom her father bequeathed a gold circlet valued at 40 merks. She was contracted on 1, and married before 8, November 1388, to Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow, by whom she had issue. She survived him, and on 12 June 1410 had a dispensation to marry, as his second wife, Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig. they are said to have been in the fourth degree of affinity, while Joanna Murray, Sir william’s late wife, and Jacoba from divers stocks, and Sir John and Sir William from one stock, were in the fourth degree of consanguinity.

According to Douglas, a daughter of Sir James and his first wife is said to have married a Tweedie of Drummelzier, but as 1351 is the date assigned to the marriage in the family history of the Tweedies, it seems doubtful, and no evidence has been found.

Sir James Douglas had also two natural sons, whom he names in his testaments, and a daughter:

Sir James Douglas, styled of Aberdour in his father’s testaments of 1390 and 1392. On 10 july 1411 he received from his father the lands of Stanypath and Baldwinsgill, or Baddinsgill, and was then styled Sir James Doutlas of Robertson. he was named one of his father’s executors, and he appears in numerous charters. On 11 May 1413 he paid seven hundred merks for the liberation of William Douglas, grandson of Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith, and he was witness to a charter on 2 April 1415, after which he disappears from record.

John Douglas, also called of Aberdour. His father named him in his testaments as the intended recipient of his books, but he predeceased his father, dying before 1406.

Margaret, married, before 25 october 1372, to Philip Arbuthnott of that Ilk, and had issue. She is usually said to be the daughter of Agnes Dunbar, but the latter was married a month after her reputed daughter, and is constantly styled the first wife of Sir James, the conclusion seems irresistible that Margaret was a natural daughter.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI , Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 344-50
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Notes for Agnes (Spouse 1)
He married, perhaps as his second wife, Isabella, younger daughter of Thomas Randolph, first Earl of Moray. Isabella Randolph survived her husband, and on 20 july 1361, as Isabella Ranulph, heiress of John Ranulph, Earl of Moray, etc. (her brother), she confirmed a charter by Andrew del Garvyauch, of date 8 August 1357. ...

Sir Patrick Dunbar and Isabella Randolph had issue:

1. George, who became tenth Earl of Dunbar ...
2. John, who was, in 1372, created Earl of Moray.
3. Sir Patrick Dunbar of Bele or Biel ...

4. Agnes, whom George, Earl of Dunbar, styles his very dear sister, when in 1372 he granted to her the lands of Mordington and Whittinghame, on her marriage with Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith, ancestor of the Earls of Morton.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 260
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Sir James Douglas married, first, Agnes Dunbar, daughter of Sir Patrick Dunbar, by Isabella Randolph, and sister of George, Earl of March. The marriage appears to have taken place between 8 and 21 November 1372, or perhaps on the latter date. She came to her husband with a large dowry, not of broad lands only, though these ... were extensive, but only a month before his death, King David II made a grant to her of six hundred merks of sterlings yearly from the customs of Aberdeen, and four hundred merks yearly from the customs of Haddington, a thousand merks in all, for her dress, personal furnishings, and other necessaries, though it has been suggested that the annuity ceased at her marriage. Her relations with the King, and the payments made on her behalf in 1639 and 1370, have called forth the opinion that her influence as favourite was beginning to supersede that of Queen Margaret Logie, whom the King was then endeavouring to divorce. Agnes Dunbar or Douglas died some time before October 1378. ...

By his first wife only, Sir James had issue:

1. Sir James, who succeeded.
2. William, who is said to have received Mordingtoun from his father. He is named for the first time, on 22 April 1372, in his brother’s marriage contract. He is also named in his father’s testaments as a legatee of 20 merks and a gold ring. On 15 July 1401 his father granted him various land and a fishing on the Tay, in the barony of Kinnoul. He was still alive in 1406.
3. Agnes, contracted on 15 August 1381, when quite young, to marry john Livingstone of Callendar, as his second wife. he was killed at Homildon in 1402, and she married secondly, John Gordon of that Ilk, whom she also survived. she was alive in 1422, but may have died in that year.
4. Jacoba, to whom her father bequeathed a gold circlet valued at 40 merks. She was contracted on 1, and married before 8, November 1388, to Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow, by whom she had issue. She survived him, and on 12 June 1410 had a dispensation to marry, as his second wife, Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig. they are said to have been in the fourth degree of affinity, while Joanna Murray, Sir william’s late wife, and Jacoba from divers stocks, and Sir John and Sir William from one stock, were in the fourth degree of consanguinity.

According to Douglas, a daughter of Sir James and his first wife is said to have married a Tweedie of Drummelzier, but as 1351 is the date assigned to the marriage in the family history of the Tweedies, it seems doubtful, and no evidence has been found.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI , Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 350
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Agnes Dunbar (fl. late 14th century) was a mistress of King David II of Scotland, son of Robert the Bruce.

She was the niece (and possibly fosterling) of Agnes Randolph, Countess of Dunbar and March.

She was first married to a man called Robert, and they had children.

She appears to have become a mistress of King David II around 1369, as payments to her began then. A payment of 1000 merks, a very large sum at that time, was arranged for her a month before the king died suddenly in February 1371, which indicates that he had been very likely planning to marry her.

On 21 November 1372 she married Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith. Their son was James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith. Their great-grandson was James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton.

Source: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_Dunbar_(mistress)
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Notes for Egidgia (Spouse 2)
He married, secondly, Isabel, sister of Sir John Graham of Abercorn,
by whom he had two sons and a daughter:

2. Sir John of Railston or Cunningham, who died at a great age leaving:
(1) Sir Walter, who succeeded him
(2) Sir John. Both sons seem to have died without issue
(3) Marjory, married first, to Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk; and second, to Sir William Douglas of Lugton, by whom she had at least one son
(4) Egidia, married to Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine and Dundaff, and became ancestress of the Grahams, Earls of Strathearn
(5) Margaret, married to Sir John Hay of Boyne and Enzie, Touch and Tullibody. Her daughter, Egidia, was married before 1426 to Alexander Seton, afterwards Earl of Huntly, and became the ancestress of the Setons of Touch.
3. Sir Andrew, of whose descendants, if any, there is no record.

4. Egidia, who was thrice married: first, to Sir James Lindsay of Crawford; second, after October 1357, to Sir Hugh of Eglinton; and third (contract October 1378), to Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 14-15.
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GILES [Egidgia] STEWART - AKA Lady Egidia de Lindsay

(1) She married (1st)
by dispensation dated 11 April 1346 (they being related in the 3rd and 4th degrees of consanguinity on the father’s side, and in the 4th degree on the mother’s side) James de Lindsay, Knt., of Crawford, son of David de Lindsay, knt., of Crawford and Byres, custodian of Berwick, Custodian of Edinburgh Castle, by Mary, daughter and co-heiress of Alexander de Abernethy, Knt.

He was a hostage for King David II in 1351. He first appeared in Parliament in 1357.

They had one son,

1. James, Knt.,

and two daughters,

2. Isabel and
3. Elizabeth.

Sir James de Lindsay was executed about 24 June 1358 for the murder of Roger Kirkpatrick

(2) She married (2nd) in 1361 (or 1362) (as his 2nd wife) Hugh de Eglinton, Knt., of Eglinton (in Kilwinning), Ayrshire, Justiciar of Loghian. They had no issue. In 1372 he was granted lands in Bonnington, Nourton, Westhall, and Cotraw by the king.

Sir Hugh de Eglindon died before 10 Dec. 1377 (date of his widow’s charter).

(3) His widow, Giles, married (3rd), by contract dated Oct 1378 (as his 2nd wife) James de Douglas, Knt., of Dalkeith. They had no issue.
In 1385, and again in 1391, he and his wife, Giles, obtained a papal indult for plenary remission of their sins to be granted at the hour of death by a confessor of their choice.

Giles died in 1396.

Source: MAGNA CARTA ANCESTRY, by Douglas Richardson, ed. by Kimball G. Everingham, Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 536.
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He [James Lindsay] married Egidia, daughter of Walter, Steward of Scotland, and half-sister of King Robert II. A papal dispensation for this marriage was granted at Avigon 3 Ides of April 1346, which describes the spouses as within the third and fourth degree on the father’s side, and in the fourth degree on the mother’s. A strong inference thus arises that Sir James’ grandmother, wife of Sir Alexander, was daughter to the Steward.

Lady Egidia de Lindsay, as she was always afterwards styled, was married secondly, after October 1357, to Sir Hugh of Eglinton ..., and thirdly (contract October 1378), to Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith.

Sir James and Egidia had issue:

1. Sir James, only son and heir.
2. Isobel, married before 13 July 1369, to Sir John de Maxwell, who survived her.
3. Elizabeth, married to Sir Henry de Prestoun.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol III, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 11.
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