NameDominus William de GRAHAME Of Kincardine, Dundaff, Montrose, Etc. , M
Birth Dateabt 1372
Birth PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Death Date1424
Death PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
FatherSir Patrick GRAHAM Of Kincardine , M (~1335-<1404)
MotherLady Matilda Kincardine , F (~1350-)
Spouses
Death Dateabt 1412
Death PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Marr Dateabt 1395
ChildrenAlexander , M (~1396-~1420)
 John , M (~1398-)
 Elizabeth , F (~1400-)
Birth Dateabt 1380
Birth PlaceScone Palace, Perthshire, Scotland
Death Dateabt 1458
Death PlaceKincardine, Kincardineshire, Scotland
Burial Dateabt 1458
Burial PlaceStrathbane
Burial MemoStrathbane Church
MotherQueen Anabella DRUMMOND Of Scots , F (~1350-1401)
Marr Date13 Nov 1413
ChildrenRobert , M (~1414-)
 Patrick , M (~1416-)
 William , M (~1417-)
 Henry , M (~1418-)
 Walter , M (~1420-)
Notes for Dominus William de GRAHAME Of Kincardine, Dundaff, Montrose, Etc.
(1) The Christian name of his [Patrick’s] first wife was Matilda, according to a charter of impignoration by Angus Hawincross of that Ilk, of part of the lands of Boclair, in favour of Sir Patrick of Graham knight, son and heir to David de Graham, Lord of Dundaff, and Matilda, wife of the said Patrick, dated at the manor place of Mugdock, 24 August 1372.

The issue of his first marriage were:

1. Sir William.
2. Matilda, married to Sir John Drummond of Concraig.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 214.
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Sir William de Graham was present in a Justiciary Court of Strathearn when Alexander de Moravia, indicted for the slaughter of William de Spalding, was repledged by Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards Duke of Albany, by the law of Clan Macduff 7 December 1391.

He had a charter from Alice of Erth, Lady of Craigbernard, of certain lands in Mugdock wherein he is styled Lord of Kincardyn, 13 February 1400-01. He had also a grant from Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas of Logyachray in Stirlingshire, and apparently by the favour of that powerful nobleman appears to have become a tenant in chief of the Crown for his barony of Dundaff on the forfeiture of George of Dunbar, Earl of March.

Accompanying the Earl of Douglas in his invasion of England, he was made prisoner with him at Homildon Hill, 14 September 1402, but was soon after ransomed. After Douglas had been again made prisoner at Shrewsbury 1403, Sir William, on 8 March 1405, had a safe-conduct from Henry IV to commune with the Earl of Fife (Murdoch, son of the Duke of Albany) and Earl of Douglas, ‘being with the King,’ on certain matters touching their condition.

In the following year, he was one of the hostages for the return of Earl Douglas temporarily liberated. In the same year he was a commissioner receiving a safe-conduct to go to England to treat for peace or a long truce between the kingdoms.

He had a charter from Robert, Duke of Albany of the lands of Old Montrose and others, was an adherant of the duke, by whom he is styled ‘consanguineus carissimus,’ and is a frequent witness to charters granted by Albany as Governor of Scotland. He was at different times one of the commissioners sent by the Duke to England to treat for the release of James I, having safe conducts both from Henry IV and Henry V for that purpose.

He was an Auditor in Exchequer March 1405, and at intervals till June 1418.

Towards the end of his life, he acquired from Duncan, Earl of Lennox, the superiority of Mugdock and his other extensive estates in the Lennox, which have since been held directly of the Crown, and he obtained new charters of his other estates, with the exception of Kincardine, the fee of which he had previously settled on his eldest son. From these charters, the names of his sons are ascertained.

In some of the charters by Robert and Murdoch, Dukes of Albany, and of the English letters of Safe-conduct from the year 1412, he is styled Dominus de Graham or Lord Graham, which has led Crawfurd and Douglas to assign him the position of first Lord Graham, but in the latest of the charters above referred to — by Duncan, Earl of Lennox, of the lands in that earldom dated 10 August 1423 — he is styled simply ‘Dominus Willielmus de Graham miles.’ That is also his designation in a charter granted by him of the lands of Ballancleroch at Campsie, dated at Mugdock 11 August 1423.

Probably the title ‘Dominus de Graham’ was used by him simply as a comprehensive term in place of Dominus ‘de Dundaff’ of ‘de Kincardine’ as formerly.

He died in 1424.

He married, first, in his father’s lifetime, a lady whose name is not certainly known. Crawfurd, followed by Douglas and (with hesitation) by Wood, calls her Mariota, daughter of Sir John Oliphant of Aberdalgie, but he gives no authority, and there is probably confusion with the wife of his brother, Robert.

The children of the first marriage of Sir William de Graham, so far as known, were:

1. Alexander.
2. John, who appears as a substitute in a charter by Murdoch, Duke of Albany …
3. Elizabeth, who was contracted but not married to Robert de Keith …

He married secondly, before 1416, the Princess Mary (or Mariota) Stewart, daughter of Robert III, and widow of George, Earl of Angus, and of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure, and perhaps also of Sir william Cunningham of Kilmaurs.

After the death of Sir William de Graham, Princess Mary married in 1425, for the fourth or fifth time, to Sir william Edmonstone, by whom she was ancestress of the Edmonstones of Duntreath.

She died after 1458 and was buried in the parish church of Strathblane.

The issue of the second marriage, as appears from the charter of Dundaff and others above mentioned were:

4. Sir Robert Graham, variously designed of Old Monrose, of Ewisdale …
5. Patrick, named in the charter cited. He has been supposed by Douglas and Wood to have been the Archbishop of St. Andrews, but probably died young s.p.
6. William, who had a grant of the lands of Garvock …
7. Henry, who presumably died young s.p.
8. Walter, who had a charter from his nephew, Patrick, Lord Graham, of the lands of Wallaceton and Ardochmore …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 215-.
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Sir William Graham of Kincardine
... was frequently employed in negociations withe the English relative to the liberation of King James the First.

He was twice married.

(1) By his first wife he had two sons
,

1. Alexander, who predeceased him, leaving two sons, and
2. John

(2) His second wife was the princess Mary Stewart, second daughter of King Robert the Second, widow of the Earl of Angus and of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure; after Sir William Graham’s death, she took for her fourth husband Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath.

By this lady he had five sons, namely,

1. Sir Robert Graham of Strathcarron, ancestor of the
Grahams of Fintry, of Claverhouse, and of Duntrune.
2. Patrick Graham, consecrated Bishop of Brechin, in 1463, and three years after translated to the See of St. Andrews.
3. William, ancestor of the Grahams of Garvoch in Perthshire, from a younger son of whom came the Grahams of Balgowan, the most celebrated of which family was the gallant Sir Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, the hero of Barossa.
4. Henry, of whom nothing is known.
5. Walter of Wallacetown, Dumbartonshire, ancestor of the Grahams of Knockdolian in Carrick, and their cadets.

Source: HISTORY OF THE SCOTTISH HIGHLANDS, HIGHLAND CLANS, and HIGHLAND REGIMENTS, by John S. Keltie, Edinburgh, 1887, p. 315.
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FINTRY

Sir William Graham, Lord of Kincardine, chief of the name, and ancestor of the Dukes of Montrose
,

(2) married in 1406, for his second wife, the Lady Mary Stuart, daughter of Robert III, king of Scotland, and widow of George, Earl of Angus, and of Sir James Kennedy, of Dunure, progenitor of the Marquis of Ailsa.

Of this marriage, the sons were:

1. Robert (Sir), who became “of Fintry.”
2. Patrick, first archbishhop of St. Andrews, who obtained, with the promacy, a legatine commission to reform the abuses of the church, and is describes as “a singular good man, and of great virtue.: He succeeded his half brother, Bishop James Kennedy, in the see of Saint Andrews.
3. William, ancestor of the Grahams, of Garvock.
4. Harry.
5. Walter, from whom descended the Grahams of Knockdolian, in Carrick, and of Wallacetown, in Dumbarton.

Source: HISTORY OF THE COMMONERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, “Enjoying territorial Possessions or High Official Rank,” … by John Burke, Esq., London, 1836, Vol 3, p. 120.
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Notes for Mary (Spouse 2)
King Robert married, about the year 1367, Annabella, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall, who was crowned at Scone 15 august 1390, and died there in the autumn of 1401.

He died at Dundonald on 4 April 1406, about the time when his eldest surviving son, James, was captured by the English, and was buried in the Abbey church of Paisley,

having had issue:

1. David, born 24 October 1378, created Duke of Rothesay 28 April 1398, and appointed Lieutenant or Governor for his father …
2. Robert, who died in infancy.
3. James, afterwards James I, King of Scots.
4. Margaret, who was married to Archibald, fourth Earl of Douglas …

5. Mary, who was married, first, in 1397, to George Douglas, Earl of Angus …

6. Elizabeth, who was married to Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith.
7. Egidia

King Robert III had also two illegitimate sons:

1. James Steward of Kilbride.
2. Sir John Stewart of Auchingowan and Ardgowan, ancestor of the Shaw Stewarts …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 17-18.
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Mary, who was married:

(1) First, in 1397, to George Douglas, Earl of Angus;
(2) Second, in 1409, to Sir James Kennedy;
(3) Third, to William, Lord of Graham; and
(4) Fourth, in 1425, to Sir William Edmonston of Culloden.

She was dead in 1458, and was buried in the parish church of Strathblane.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, p. 18.
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(1) By his wife, Mary of Scotland, Countess of Angus, a daughter of King Robert III of Scotland, Angus had two children:

1. William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus(1398–1437)
2. Elizabeth Douglas; m1 Sir Alexander Forbes, later 1st Lord Forbes; m2 Sir David Hay of Yester

Princess Mary was to marry a further four times and bear seven more children by three of these husbands. The issue by her second husband, Sir James Kennedy younger of Dunure, were the ancestors of the Marquesses of Ailsa; The product of her fourth marriage to William, 1st Lord Graham were the ancestors of the Viscounts Dundee and the Dukes of Montrose.

Source: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Douglas,_1st_Earl_of_Angus
-----------------------------

(2) James Kennedy of Dunure, who, as stated, married the Princess Mary (widow of George, first Earl of Angus) in 1405, whereupon King Robert III granted a charter of the barony of Dalrymple and the chieftainship and office of bailie of Carrick to James and the heirs-male of his body on his father’s resignation. …

James Kennedy left issue by Princess Mary:


1. Sir John, ‘Joannes Kennedy de Carryk,’ who was a hostage for the redemption of James I. …
2. Gilbert, who succeeded to the estates.
3. James, born 1405 or 1406, who was consecrated bishop of Dunkeld 1438. …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol II, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 448-50.
------------------------------

(2) SIR JAMES KENNEDY
He was born about 1376, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and was killed before November 8, 1408He married Lady Mary deSTEWART, daughter of King Robert deSTEWART III and Annabella DRUMMOND.

Children Of James KENNEDY and Lady Mary deSTEWART:

i. Gilbert KENNEDY - First Lord Kennedy
ii. Sir John KENNEDY - He was born about 1407, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died about 1434.
iii. James KENNEDY - He was born about 1408, Dunure Castle, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland and died May 10, 1465/6, Saint Andrews, Fifeshire, Scotland.  He was Bishop of Dunkeld.

Source: Kennedy Clan - http://mlloyd.org/gen/macomb/text/kennedy/kennedypedigree.htm
-----------------------------------

(3) He [William] married secondly, before 1416, the Princess Mary (or Mariota) Stewart, daughter of Robert III, and widow of George, Earl of Angus, and of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure, and perhaps also of Sir william Cunningham of Kilmaurs.

After the death of Sir William de Graham, Princess Mary married in 1425, for the fourth or fifth time, to Sir William Edmonstone, by whom she was ancestress of the Edmonstones of Duntreath.

She died after 1458 and was buried in the parish church of Strathblane.

The issue of the second marriage, as appears from the charter of Dundaff and others above mentioned were:

4. Sir Robert Graham, variously designed of Old Monrose, of Ewisdale …
5. Patrick, named in the charter cited. He has been supposed by Douglas and Wood to have been the Archbishop of St. Andrews, but probably died young s.p.
6. William, who had a grant of the lands of Garvock …
7. Henry, who presumably died young s.p.
8. Walter, who had a charter from his nephew, Patrick, Lord Graham, of the lands of Wallaceton and Ardochmore …

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol VI, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 215-.
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 Lady Mary Stewart
was born between 1378 and 1396. She was the daughter of Robert III Stewart, King of Scotland and Annabel Drummond.

(1.) She married by contract, firstly, George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus, son of William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas and Margaret Stewart, Countess of Angus, on 24 May 1397. As a result of her marriage, Lady Mary Stewart was styled as Countess of Angus after 24 May 1397.

Children of Lady Mary Stewart and George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus
1 Lady Elizabeth Douglas+
2 William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus+ b. c 1398, d. Oct 1437

(2.) She married, secondly, Sir James Kennedy of Dunure, younger, son of Sir Gilbert Kennedy of Dunure, in 1405.

Children of Lady Mary Stewart and Sir James Kennedy of Dunure, younger
1 Sir John Kennedy d. a 1434
2 Mary Kennedy+
3 Gilbert Kennedy of Dunure, 1st Lord Kennedy+ b. c 1406, d. a 6 Mar 1478/79
4 James Kennedy b. 1405/6, d. Jul 1465

She and Sir William Cunningham were engaged in July 1409.

(3.) She married, thirdly, Sir William Graham of Kincardine, son of Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine and of Dundaff and Matilda (?), on 13 November 1413.

Children of Lady Mary Stewart and Sir William Graham of Kincardine
1 Robert Graham
2 Patrick Graham d. 1478
3 William Graham
4 Walter Graham

(4.) She married, fourthly, Sir William Edmondstone of Culloden, son of Sir Archibald Edmonstone, in 1425.

Child of Lady Mary Stewart and Sir William Edmondstone of Culloden
1 Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath+

 She gained the title of Princess Mary of Scotland.

She died circa 1458. She was buried at Strathbane Church, Scotland.

Citations
1 [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 228.
2 [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 154. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
3 [S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume IX, page 2. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage.
4 [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 229.
5 [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VII, page 121.
6 [S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 2752. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
7 [S37] BP2003. [S37]
8 [S157] Sir Andrew, of Lochnaw Agnew, The Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway (n.n.: n.n., 1893), page 271. Hereinafter cited as The Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway.

Source: thepeerage.com - http://www.thepeerage.com/p10533.htm
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Notes for Mary (Spouse 2)
Mary, Married 1st George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus; Married 2nd Sir James Kennedy the Younger; Betrothed to Sir William Cunningham; Married 3rd to Sir William Graham of Kincardine; Married 4th Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath (ancestors of the Edmonstone baronets)

Source: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_III_of_Scotland
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