NameKing James II STEWART Of Scots , M
Birth Date16 Oct 1430
Birth PlaceHolyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Scotland
Death Date3 Aug 1460
Death PlaceRoxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Death MemoSaid to have been killed by an exploding cannon in the siege of the castle.
Burial DateAug 1460
Burial PlaceHolyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Scotland
OccupationKing Of Scots, Coronation 25 March 1437, Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh
ReligionRoman Catholic
FatherKing James I STEWART Of Scots , M (1394-1437)
MotherQueen Joan BEAUFORT Of Scots , F (~1404-1445)
Spouses
Birth Date1434
Birth PlaceGrave, Netherlands
Death Date1 Dec 1463
Death PlaceRoxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Marr Date3 Jul 1449
Marr PlaceEdinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Marr MemoHolyrood Abbey
ChildrenUNNAMED , M (1450-1450)
 James III , M (1451-1488)
 Mary , F (1453-1488)
 Alexander , M (~1454-1485)
 Margaret , F (~1455-)
 David , M (~1456-<1459)
 John , M (~1456-~1479)
2UNNAMED , F
Unmarried
ChildrenJohn , M
Notes for King James II STEWART Of Scots
He [King James I] married Joan, daughter of John Beaufort, first Earl of Somerset. …

By his wife he had:

1. Alexander, born 16 October 1430, died in infancy.

2. James, a twin with Alexander, afterwards king.

3. Margaret, born 1424, married 24 June 1436 to Louis, Dauphin of France, afterwards Louis XI. She died without issue 16 August 1444.
4. Isabella, married, as his second wife, to Francis I, Duke of Brittany, 30 October 1442.
5. Joan, ‘the dumb lady’ (contracted 18 October 1440 with a tocher of 3000 merks, to James, third Earl of Angus, who died before September 1446); she was married 1458-59 to James Douglas of Dalkeith, first Earl of Morton.
6. Eleanor, born 26 October 1427, married to Sigismund Von Tirol, Duke of Austria, brother of the emperor Maximillian I, on 12-24 February 1449; died s.p.s. 4 March 1496.
7. Mary, married in 1444, to Wolfart Van Borselen,Count of Grane Pré and Lord of Campvere in Zealand. He died in 1487, having married secondly, 17 June 1468, Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier.
8. Annabella, married first, 14 December 1447, at Stirling, to Louis, Count of Geneva, son of Louis, Duke of Savoy. From him, she was divorced owing to the intrigues of the King of France, and sent home with a solatium of 25,000 crowns in 1458. Before 10 March 1459, she was married, secondly, to George Gordon, second Earl of Huntly, from whom she was divorced 24 July 1471. No reference to any issue is made in the divorce. her later history is very obscure.

Queen Joan, after her husband’s death, married Sir James Stewart, ‘the Black Knight of Lorn.’

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 18-19.
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The [Royal] couple {James I and Queen Joan] produced eight children, seven of whom survived to adulthood:

(1) Margaret Stewart, (1424–1445) married Prince Louis, Dauphin of Viennois (later King Louis XI of France)
(2) Isabella Stewart, (1426–1494) married Francis I, Duke of Brittany
(3) Mary Stewart, Countess of Buchan (died 1465) married Wolfart VI van Borsselen
(4) Joan Stewart, Countess of Morton (c. 1428–1486) married James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton

(5) James II of Scotland (1430–1460) married Mary of Gueldres

(6) Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (born and died 1430); Twin of James
(7) Annabella Stewart, married and divorced 1. Louis of Savoy, and then married and divorced 2. George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly
(8)Eleanor Stewart, (1433–1484) married Sigismund, Archduke of Austria.

Source: Scottish Monarchs: http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/stewart_21.html
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James II, known as ‘James of the Fiery Face,’
from a red birthmark on his cheek,
was born 16 October 1430;
crowned at Holyrood 25 March 1437;
married 3 July 1449, Marie, only daughter of Arnold, Duke of Gueldres.

King James II was killed at the siege of Roxburgh Castle

on 3 August 1460,


by the accidental bursting of a cannon, leaving by his queen, who died in Edinburgh 1 December 1463, and was buried there in the Church of the Holy Trinity,

four sons and two daughters:

1. James III, his successor.
2. Alexander, created Earl of March, in 1455, and Duke of Albany in 1458.
3. David, Earl of Moray, died when about three years of age.
4. John, Earl of Mar, who died unmarried in April 1479. He had been warded by his brother James III on a charge of treason, and died in prison.
5. Mary, married first, to Thomas, Lord Boyd, and second (Papal dispensation 25 April 1474) to James Lord Hamilton, by whom she had: (1) James, second Lord Hamilton, ans (2) Elizabeth, married to Matthew Stewart second Earl of Lennox.
6. Margaret, who was proposed as bride for the Duke of Clarence and for Anthony, Earl Rivers. She is stated to have been married to William, third Lord Crichton, and by him had a daughter, Margaret, Lady Rothes, but whether in wedlock is uncertain.

King James II had also an illegitimate son:

John Stewart of Sticks and Ballechin, ancestor of the Stewarts of Ballechin, in Perthshire.

Source: THE SCOTS PEERAGE, ed. by Sir James Balfour Paul, Vol I, Edinburgh, 1906, pp. 19-20
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James II
(Middle Scots: Iames Stewart; 16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460), who reigned as king of Scots from 1437 on, was the son of James I and Joan Beaufort. Nothing is known of his early life, but by his first birthday his twin and only brother, Alexander, who was also the older twin, had died, thus making James the heir apparent and Duke of Rothesay. Curiously enough, James held no other titles while Duke of Rothesay. On 21 February 1437, James I was assassinated and the six-year-old Duke of Rothesay immediately succeeded him as James II.

In 1449, nineteen-year-old James married fifteen-year-old Mary of Guelders, daughter of the Duke of Gelderland. She had numerous royal ancestors such as John II of France and John of Bohemia. She bore him seven children, six of whom survived into adulthood. Subsequently, the relations between Flanders and Scotland improved. James's nickname,Fiery Face, referred to a conspicuous vermilion birthmark on his face which appears to have been deemed by contemporaries an outward sign of a fiery temper.

James was a politic, and singularly successful king. He was popular with the commoners, with whom, like most of the Stewarts, he socialized often, both in times of peace and war. His legislation has a markedly popular character. He does not appear to have inherited his father's taste for literature, which was "inherited" by at least two of his sisters; but the foundation of the university of Glasgow during his reign, by Bishop Turnbull, shows that he encouraged learning; and there are also traces of his endowments to St. Salvator's, the new college of Archbishop Kennedy at St Andrews. He possessed much of his father's restless energy. However, his murder of the Earl of Douglas leaves a stain on his reign.

James I was assassinated on 21 February 1437.

The Queen, although hurt, managed to get to her six-year-old son, who was now king. On 25 March 1437, the six-year-old was formally crowned King of Scots at Holyrood Abbey. The Parliament of Scotland revoked alienations of crown property and prohibited them, without the consent of the Estates, that is, until James II's eighteenth birthday. He lived along with his mother and five of his six sisters (Margaret had left for France, where she had married the future Louis XI of France) at Dunbar Castle until 1439.

From 1437 to 1439 the King's first cousin Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas, headed the government as lieutenant-general of the realm. After his death, and with a general lack of high-status earls in Scotland due to deaths, forfeiture or youth, political power became shared uneasily among William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton, Lord Chancellor of Scotland (sometimes in co-operation with the Earl of Avondale), and Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar, who had possession of the young king as the warden of the stronghold of Stirling Castle. Taking advantage of these events, Livingston placed Queen Joan and her new husband, Sir John Stewart, under "house arrest" at Stirling Castle on 3 August 1439. They were released on 4 September only by making a formal agreement to put James in the custody of the Livingstons, by giving up her dowry for his maintenance, and confessing that Livingston had acted through zeal for the king's safety...

James married Mary of Guelders at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, on 3 July 1449
.

They had seven children:
• An unnamed son. (Born and died on 19 May 1450)
James III of Scotland (10 July 1451 – 11 June 1488)
Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran (13 May 1453 – May 1488)
Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany (c. 1454 – 1485)
David Stewart, Earl of Moray (c. 1455 – July 1457)
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Mar and Garioch (July 1457 – 1479)
• Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland

By his unknown mistress, James also left one illegitimate son:
John Stewart, Lord of Sticks (d. 21 September 1523)

Source: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_II_of_Scotland
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Notes for Mary (Spouse 1)
Mary of Guelders (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) was the queen consort of Scotland as the wife of King James II of Scotland. She served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463. She was the daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders, and Catherine of Cleves, a grand-aunt of Anne of Cleves. She was a grand-niece of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.

Philip and his wife Isabella of Portugal at first planned to have Mary betrothed to Charles, Count of Maine, but her father could not pay the dowry. Mary stayed on at the Burgundian court, where Isabella frequently paid for her expenses. Mary attended Isabella's daughter-in-law Catherine of France, while she herself was attended upon by ten people. The duke and duchess then started negotiations for a Scottish marriage. Philip promised to pay her dowry, while Isabella paid for her trousseau. William Crichton came to the Burgundian court to escort her back to Scotland.

She landed in Scotland in June 1449 and both nobles and the common people came to see her as she made her way to Holyrood Abbey. Mary married James II, king of Scots, at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh on 3 July 1449. A sumptuous banquet was given, while the Scottish king gave her several presents. It had been agreed that any sons they might have would have no right to the duchy of Guelders.

James and Mary had seven children together:
• An unnamed son. (Both born and died on 19 May 1450).
James III of Scotland (1451–1488).
Mary (May 1453-May 1488), who married first Thomas Boyd, 1st Earl of Arran, and secondly James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton. She became the mother of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran.
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany (c. 1454 - 1485).
Margaret, who married William Crichton, 3rd Lord Crichton of Auchingoul. She became the mother of Margaret Crichton and mother-in-law of George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes.
David Stewart, Earl of Moray (c. 1456 - 1457. He was created Earl of Moray on 12 February 1456.
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Mar and Garioch (c. 1459 - 1479).

After her husband's death, Mary acted as regent for their son James III of Scotland until her own death three years later. Mary was drawn into the War of the Roses taking place in England at this time. She appointed Bishop James Kennedy as her chief advisor; their companionship was described as well-functioning despite the fact that the bishop favoured an alliance with the Lancastrians, while Mary at first wanted to continue playing off the warring parties in England against each other.

While Mary was still mourning the death of King James II, the Lancastrian Queen Margaret of Anjou fled north across the border seeking refuge from the Yorkists. Mary sympathetically aided Margaret and took Edward of Westminster into her household to keep them out of Yorkist hands.

Mary's dealings with Margaret were mainly to provide aid to the deposed queen. Mary gave a number of Scottish troops to help Margaret and the Lancastrian cause. She and Margaret also organised a betrothal between Prince Edward, son of King Henry VI of England, and King James III's sister Princess Margaret in 1461. In return for her support, Mary asked for the town of Berwick on the Anglo-Scottish border, which Margaret was willing to give up.

Relations between the two women deteriorated, however, with the increasingly friendly alliance between King Edward IV of England and Duke Philip of Burgundy. Any support by Mary for Margaret, Edward's enemy, threatened the alliance that Duke Philip wanted with King Edward IV against the French King Louis XI.

Edward IV tried to put a stop to Mary's support of Margaret by proposing marriage to the widowed queen, which Mary rejected. Her uncle, Duke Philip, pressured her to call off the betrothal of Margaret of Scotland and Prince Edward, to Margaret's disappointment. In 1462, she paid the Lancastrian royals to leave Scotland and made peace with Edward IV. She also hinted at the possibility of a marriage between herself and the new English king. Mary, reportedly, had several affairs during her period as regent, notably one with the Lord Hailes

Mary went ahead with James II's plan to build a castle on land at Ravenscraig, designed to withstand the use of artillery, and lived in it while it was under construction until her death.

Source: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_of_Guelders
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