NameVerulam DIVES , M
Birth Date21 Feb 1834
Birth PlaceRye, Sussex, England
Chr Date26 Nov 1834
Chr PlaceRye, Sussex, England
Death Date3 Mar 1864
Death PlaceSalt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah Territory, United States
Burial Date5 Mar 1864 ®6
Burial PlaceWillard, Box Elder, Utah Territory, United States
FlagsUtah Pioneer
FatherWilliam DIVES , M (1779-1843)
MotherSarah GILBERT , F (1804-1885)
Birth DateJun 1836
Birth PlaceTwyn Yr Odyn, Glamorgan, Wales
Chr Date19 Jun 1836 ®7
Chr PlaceWenvoe, Glamorgan, Wales
Death Date21 Mar 1923
Death PlaceMalad City, Oneida, Idaho, United States
Burial Date25 Mar 1923 ®167
Burial PlaceMalad City, Oneida, Idaho, United States
FlagsUtah Pioneer
FatherWilliam Howell THOMAS , M (1793-1887)
MotherAnn WILLIAMS , F (1799-1871)
Marr Date26 Oct 1854
Marr PlaceBrigham City, Box Elder, Utah Territory, United States
ChildrenWilliam Verulam , M (1855-1857)
 Sarah Elizabeth , F (1856-1939)
 Verulam , M (1858-1924)
 Joseph Gilbert , M (1860-1949)
 John Albert , M (1861-1882)
 Gertrude Grace , F (1863-1946)
Notes for Verulam DIVES
LDS Church Membership Record:
Name: Verulam Dives
Birth: 21 Feb 1834, Rye, Sussex, England
Death: 3 Mar 1864
Father: William Dive
Mother: Sarah Gilbert
Spouse: Jennett Marie Thomas
LDS Bap: 12 Jan 1847

Son of Sarah Gilbert and William Dives.

Married Jannett Marie Thomas 26 October 1854 at Brigham City, Box Elder, Utah. Sealed as a family in the Salt Lake Endowment House 31 March 1857. Their first child, son William Verilam, died that November and is buried near his father. ®6
Census notes for Verulam DIVES
1860 US Census, Utah Territory
Box Elder County, Willard

Verulan Dives, age 26, Farmer, born England
Sarah Dives, age 56, born England
Jeanette Dives, age 24, born Wales
Sarah E Dives, age 4, born Utah Territory
Verulan Dives, age 2, born Utah Territory
Joseph G Dives, age 6mos, born Utah Territory
Ed Southwick, age 20, Servant, born England
Jacob Drake, age 13, Servant, born O.
Notes for Jeanette (Spouse 1)
LDS Church Membership Record:
Name: Jeanette Thomas
Birth: 1844 [sic]
Death: 21 Mar 1923
Father: William Howell Thomas
Mother: Ann William
Spouse: Verulam Dives, Thomas Daniels
LDS Bap: Mar 1852
Wenvoe Parish BTs: “Bap 1836 June 19, Jennett, daughter of William & Ann Thomas, Twyn yr Odyn, Labourer” ®7

Malad Valley Pioneers
(Written by L.D. Jones and contributed by Anna Lou Call)

Your correspondent had a very pleasant visit with one of Malad?s worthy pioneers known as Aunt Janet Daniels.  She is in the eighty-sixth year of her life, being born in Wales in 1837.  She bears evidence of being used to toil and acquainted with care.  Nothing would give her more pleasure than to be able to take up the tasks of life.  But she earned a well merited vacation and at present is under the loving care of Mrs. John S. Williams and family at their home.  She loves to talk of bygone days and her experiences, though her memory of dates and chronological sequence is getting a little faulty.  She has been a sufferer of ill health for some years.

Mrs. Daniels left her native land in company with her parents, William and Ann Thomas, in February 1853, sailing from Liverpool in a sailing vessel for New Orleans, where she landed after a trip of six weeks or more.  From New Orleans they came up the Mississippi river on a steamboat and landed at Montrose, Mo.  There they remained for two months.  From that point they started for Salt Lake and arrived in October of that year.  While remaining in Salt Lake she went to earn a livelihood.  From Salt Lake she came with her parents to Willard and from there to Brigham City.

At Brigham she met Verlum Dives, the father of our well-known townsman of that name.  They were married at Salt Lake in the Endowment house and settled at Brigham.  There were five children born to them when she was called upon to part with her husband by death.  He had been a worthy husband.  Soon after they were married, they took part in the great move south in 1858, which was so general from northern and central Utah owing to the coming to Utah of a great army under General Johnston, who were coming to crush the Mormons, who were reported to be in rebellion against the government, which was an outrageous falsehood.  The people were determined not to submit to cruel treatment by the troops as many of them had experienced in their expulsion from Missouri and Illinois.  Neither would they allow them to loot their homes as they had done there.  So, on the approach of the army, the people moved to the south, leaving men behind in the various towns to burn their homes if the troops came to the Salt Lake valley.

But the truth had reached Washington, the Mormons were not in rebellion and the President sent commissioners to ascertain the true situation.  They came to the Salt Lake Valley ahead of the troops and met President Brigham Young and other Mormon leaders.  It was decided that there was no occasion whatever for the troops, but they would be allowed to come into the valley under the provision that they would not molest any of the property of the people and they would encamp 30 miles from Salt Lake City.  They located at Camp Floyd at a point west of the north end of Utah Lake, where they remained for a short time.

At the breaking of the Civil War in 1861 they were called home to take part in the strife.  General Johnston, their commander, joined the Confederate army in the rebel cause.  So when we hear our old times speaking of the move south, it means the circumstances related here.  Grandma Daniels remembers the episode very well.  She and her husband went as far south as Pond (now Palmyra) some twelve miles south of Provo.  Here they remained some time when President Young sent out a call for all to return to their homes, that the trouble was over.  On returning they found everything as they had left it.  The grain fields were covered with beautiful crops, in fact, the finest they had seen.

Mrs. Daniels also remembers a trip she made with her husband and a company of 12 teams led by President Young to Fort Lemhi on the Salmon River in April 1857 to visit a colony of Mormons, who had formed a settlement there in June 1885.  She said that the company came through the Malad valley on their way.  There were no houses in the valley then.  It was a waving sea of grass.  After a short visit at Lemhi, they returned to their homes.  She remembers the care exercised by President Young for the welfare and safety of the company, both in camp and on the march.  She also recalls being in conference in Salt Lake City in October 1856, when the report came that some of the belated emigrants had been caught in the unusually early snow storms on the plains of Iowa and Wyoming.  A call was made for men to go with teams and supplies to meet them and bring them in.  Her husband volunteered with his team and started at once without returning home.  He was gone six weeks on that trip.  She said President Young shed tears in reporting the sad condition of the emigrants to the conference.  Aunt Janet was called to part with her husband by death, leaving her with five children for which to care.  She remembers gleaning wheat in the fields assisted by her son, Verl.

She was again married to Thomas Daniels, a widower with a family of six children.  By Mr. Daniels, she had eight children, making a total of 19 children she had mothered as follows:  by her first husband, Verlum Dives, there were William, Sarah, Verlum, Joseph, John and Gertrude; by Thomas Daniels the following:  Janet, Elva, Catherine, Henry, George, Theodore, Dora, and Annie.  The children of Thomas Daniels by his first wife were Mary Jane, Thomas D. Daniel M., John D., David, Sarah Ann.  She also cared for her father who lived with her for the last eight years of his life.

She tells with pleasure of how the large family got along together.  In her earlier life she was active in Relief Society being one of the teachers, and she mentioned Mrs. Jesse Dredge as one of her companions.  She had experience in the cricket and grasshopper war that the people endured in the early days, taking an active part in trying to save the crops from being destroyed.  Through thrift and toil, Mrs. Daniels has never suffered from want.

Her pride in the town of Malad which she has seen grow from a little cluster of log cabins with dirt roofs and no schools or meeting houses, to the beautiful city it now is, is very marked.  She speaks in high terms of the people who, she says, always treat her so kindly.  She has witnessed the wonderful transforming of the west from a wilderness, the home of the wild Indians and the trapper and the wild animals, to a thriving commonwealth, enjoying all the advantages of a civilized community.

If any of the boys and girls would enjoy living for an hour in the past and living once again some of the experiences the pioneers passed through, let them visit some of the pioneers who are with us.  When this article was written, Aunt Janet was with us.  She passed away at the home of her daughter on Sept. 2, 1927, at the age of 90 after a very useful life.  She was born in 1837 at a time when there were very few white people living west of the Mississippi.  The headquarters of the church was then at Kirtland, Ohio.

What a wonderful array of important events have happened during her eventful life.  She only lacked seven years of being as old as the church.  Her children, grandchildren, and relatives have just cause to be proud of her.

She is a witness of the predictions made by the Prophet Joseph Smith in 1843 that the Saints would go to the Rocky Mountains and there would become a mighty people.

Verulam Dives married Jannett Marie Thomas 26 October 1854 at Brigham City, Box Elder, Utah. Sealed as a family in the Salt Lake Endowment House 31 March 1857. Their first child, son William Verilam, died that November and is buried near his father.

With five surviving children, under nine years of age, Jannett gleaned wheat from the harvested fields for their support.

In 1867, she married Thomas Daniels of Malad Idaho and settled there with hers and their additional eight children. ®6 

Daughter of William Howell and Ann (Williams) Thomas. She married Verulam Dives 26 Oct 1854. They were the parents of six, including William Verulam and Sarah Elizabeth.

She married to Thomas Daniels in Jan 1867. They were the parents of 8: Jennette Marie, Elva, Catherine, Henry, George, Theodore, Dora, and Anna Eliza Daniels.

Jannett's name is on the south face of the obelisk.  ®6
Census notes for Jeanette (Spouse 1)
1860 US Census, Utah Territory
Box Elder County, Willard

Verulan Dives, age 26, Farmer, born England
Sarah Dives, age 56, born England
Jeanette Dives, age 24, born Wales
Sarah E Dives, age 4, born Utah Territory
Verulan Dives, age 2, born Utah Territory
Joseph G Dives, age 6mos, born Utah Territory
Ed Southwick, age 20, Servant, born England
Jacob Drake, age 13, Servant, born O.

1870 US Census, Idaho Territory
Oneida county, Malad City
11 Aug 1870

Daniel, Thomas, age 35, Farming, born Wales
Daniel, Jennie, age 33, Keeps House, born Wales
Daniel, Mary, age 18, no occupation, born Utah
Daniel, Thomas, age 15, at home, born Utah
Daniel, Daniel, age 14, at home, born Utah
Daniel, David, age 10, born Utah
Daniel Sarah A, age 8, born Utah
Daniel, John, age 7, born Utah
Dives, Sarah, age 14, no occupation, born Utah
Dives, Verulan, age 11, born Utah
Dives, Joseph, age 9, born Utah
Dives, Gertrude, age 6, born Utah
Dives, John, age 4, born Utah
Daniel, Jennie, age 1, born Idaho
Daniel, Elva, age 1m, born Idaho (crossed out)

1880 US Census, Idaho Territory
Oneida County, Malad City

Daniels, Thomas, age 49, Head, mar, Farmer, born Wales, Parents born Wales
Daniels, Jeannette, age 43, Wife, mar, Keeping House, born Wales, Parents born Wales
Daniels, Daniel, age 23, Son, Freighter, born Utah
Daniels, Sarah, age 19, Dau, at home, born Utah
Daniels, John, age 17, Son, at home, born Utah
Daniels, Jeanette, age 11, Dau, at school, born Idaho
Daniels, Elva, age 10, Dau, at school, born Idaho
Daniels, Henry, age 6, Son, born Idaho
Daniels, George, age 4, Son, born Idaho
Daniels, Ann E, age 1mo, born May, Dau, born Idaho
Thomas, W.H., age 88, Father in Law, wid, no occupation, born Wales, parents born Wales

1900 US Census, Idaho
Oneida County, Malad

Daniels, Thomas, Head, born Jan 1831, age 69, mar 32 yrs, born Wales, Parents born Wales, Farmer
Daniels, Jynett, Wife, born May 1834, abe 64, mar 32 yrs, 14 children, 9 still living, born Wales, parents born Wales
Immigration notes for Jeanette (Spouse 1)
Liverpool to New Orleans
Ship: Jersey
Departure: 5 Feb 1853
Arrival: 22 Mar 1853
Church Leader: George Halliday
# LDS Passengers: 330

William THOMAS
Born: 1800
Origin: Merthyr Tydfil
Occupation: Shoemaker
Family Members
— age 54 (b. 1799), from Merthyr Tydfil
Charlotte THOMAS
— age 21 (b. 1832), from Merthyr Tydfil
Thomas THOMAS — age 20 (b. 1833), from Merthyr Tydfil
Catherine THOMAS — age 18 (b. 1835), from Merthyr Tydfil
Janet THOMAS — age 16 (b. 1837), from Merthyr Tydfil
Maria THOMAS — age 9 (b. 1844), from Merthyr Tydfil
Henry THOMAS — age 10 (b. 1843), from Merthyr Tydfil
Frederick THOMAS — age 8 (b. 1845), from Merthyr Tydfil

Notes: "DEPARTURES. -- Elders George Halliday, Abednego Jones, William Parry, and John Davis, all presidents of conferences, with a company of 314 Saints, sailed on board the Jersey, on the 5th instant, for New Orleans, on their way to the mountain home of the Israel of God. Thus are the elders and Saints, flocking to the Lord's hiding place, as 'doves to their windows,' that they may dwell in safety when judgments shall make the nations desolate."
<MS, 15:8 (Feb. 19, 1853), p.121>
"SIXTY-THIRD COMPANY. -- Jersey, 314 Saints. On the fifth of February, 1853, the ship Jersey, with a company of three hundred and fourteen Saints on board, including Elder George Halliday, Abednego Jones, William Parry and John Davis, who had all acted as presidents of conferences, sailed from Liverpool en route for Utah. Frederick Piercy, an artist, also accompanied them. He sketched the beautiful illustrations which were afterwards published in James Linforth's 'Route from Liverpool to Great Salt Lake Valley.' . . . . . . In addition to the foregoing, we may add that six marriages were solemnized on board the Jersey. Elder Halliday remained at New Orleans awaiting the arrival of the Elvira Owen, and Elders John Hyde and William Parry took charge of the Saints in going up the river. At St. Louis, Elder Isaac C. Haight had made arrangements with the Keokuk and St. Louis packet line to take the Saints from one boat to another free of drayage expenses, so that the emigrants were not detained in St. Louis. The Jersey company did not stay there over night. After a prosperous passage, lasting a few days only, the company landed safely in Keokuk. (Millennial Star, Vol. XV, pp.121, 282, 329.)"

"February. Sat. 5. [1853] -- The ship Jersey sailed from Liverpool, England, with 314 Saints, under the direction of George Halliday; it arrived at New Orleans, March 21st."

I said that we arrived all well at St. Louis. All well so for sometime we continued making our arrangement expecting in due time to leave for Salt Lake City and for some it never entered into our [p.38] hearts but that according to the arrangements that in due time we should leave for Salt Lake City this year, but day after day passed away and month after month after month and yet we were left in St. Louis. As a matter of course I am speaking of the Coth Company that had been engaged to go to Salt Lake City. Finally the agent for the company informed us that all of the money that was in his hands belonging to the company had been spent. That there was likelihood that as it was now late that we must get something to do as we could not go to Salt Lake City this year. So we were so much disappointed yet we turned to get something to do. So I soon found a situation. One of our elders named Westwood was a salesman in a Hat Store on Broadway. His employers name was William Keevil and Brother Westwood had been there in Mr. Keevil's employ for some time and he was about [to] leave for Salt Lake City, so I applied for the situation and Mr. Keevil employed me to fill the place vacated by Brother Westwood. So in a few days I was duly installed in Mr. William H. Keevil’s Hat Store and it was a large fine store and we had good business and I agreed to serve him one year. I told him that I could not stay with any longer as my destination was Salt Lake City. He seemed much pleased with the frank manner in which I talked to him. As a matter of course that business in which I had just embarked was entirely new and novel to me but I felt a great desire to excel in it and I applied myself to the task and had confidence in it and in myself and it was not long until my employer seemed to have more confidence in my ability as a salesman then he had in himself for I have often seen him trying to sell to a customer and he fail to sale him so sometimes he then would say Now Mr. Dunford will you please try to sell to this gentleman as I cannot. So then before his face I have often taken up the very goods that he had been trying to sell and have sold to the person some of the very goods that he had been trying to sell to him. Sometimes after the customer [p.39] had left in his most blandest manner he would, Mr. Dunford, it took you to do things properly. I will say that I took much real pleasure in this new business and my employer seemed to take very much interest in me so I my employer paid me a good salary and I was able to make my little family comfortable and so the time passed away and Mr. Keevil seemed to have unlimited confidence in my ability and integrity for very soon he left his business to me almost entirely and in all my arrangements I always sought never to betray the confidence imposed in me by those with whom I have to do. I had not been in this situation only about five months until Mr. Keevil one day said to me that shortly he would have to go to England to settle up an estate of his father’s and that he wished me to take the entire charge of the business and his private house and that part of his family that he did not take with him to England. Mr. Keevil had a partner in the business but he so arranged that partner should not interfere with the business during his stay in England. So I had the entire control of all of their interest to buy and to sell and to do just as though it had been my own affairs. We had a man in the store, a Mr. Williams, and he had been in the employ of Mr. Keevil for some years and when he was informed that in the future I was to be his employer it seemed to be too much for to endure so he done all that he could to induce Mr. Keevil to change his mind so that he might be prepared before me and I told Mr. Keevil that I too thought Mr. Williams could do better as he understood matters and things better than I did. But it was all to no purpose. He Mr. Keevil said to me I have made up my mind and said he to me you are the man so when he had completed his arrangements he took his [p.40] leave of me and for sometime of the city of St. Louis. So after Mr Keevil had left it having come to my knowledge that he, Mr. William, had sought to injure me. The morning after Mr. Keevil had left Mr. Williams said to me I now suppose since you are my employer that you will not long want me, now I told him in reply that if you are faithful and attend promptly to your business that is all I ask of you. So him and I did pretty well until the return of Mr. Keevil. So nothing very unusual occurred to disturb our daily affairs. I will here say that as a matter of course I would not take charge of the business until after Mr. Keevil and I had taken an account of the stock in the store. And so in this so in all other entirely day after day and week after week and month after month passed away and in this way passed away nearly six months since Mr. Keevil left and at the end of the time above stated he arrived in St. Louis with his wife all well and he found me representing his affairs ready to receive him with pleasure. And he seemed to show me all of those marks of kindness and respect as though I had been his brother. So after he had rested some I prepared to turn over to him his business again. So when he was ready we took stock again and after this was all done I again took my place again in the store as his salesman. So after he had got up amount of stock and could see what had been done during the time he had been gone he and his partner expressed themselves entirely pleased with the result of my efforts during the time that I had the entire control of their business. And so one day Mr. Keevil so verbally expressed himself but at this time I had not the knowledge of men and things as since that time I have had to learn and sometimes by sad experience. So Mr. Keevil called me up to the desk he said addressing me, Mr. Dunford, you have far exceeded [p.41] our most sanguine expectations in conducting our business during my traveling in England. At that instant just as though a voice had spoke to me and said if those services had been satisfactory to you please so state in writing. He, Mr. Keevil, answered, certainly Mr. Dunford if that will be more pleasing to you. So he put the above approval into writing and wished me to take the paper to his partner and when I presented the paper to him he looked it over, he in answered certainly, certainly. So after it had been signed by Mr. John McNeal, the partner of Mr. Keevil, he then signed it and so this important trust had been completed. I certainly seemed very much pleased and since that it had met the entire approval of those that had placed so much confidence in me. I will here say that I have been rather minute in stating my experience with this Mr. Keevil because I shall have an occasion to refer to him again. I will say that during this time of which I am speaking it seemed to be wise in my brethren to have me to preside over the church in St. Louis and this all occurred in the years, so by this time the year that I had agreed to stay with Mr. Keevil was fast drawing to a close and so I had to begin to make my arrangements accordingly but in this year I had by great care been able to send monies to a brother and a young lady by which they had been able to join me in St. Louis. The number of souls that by this means joined me from England was 13 Thirteen, so as the time drew near for me to leave for our mountain home Mr. Keevil would ask me to prolong my stay for a few years in St. Louis and if I would consent so to do he proffered to open and stock for me one of the best stores in the city of St. Louis. As a matter of course I had to decline those [p.42] tempting offers but to show how much he was in earnest, before I left him when he could not induce me to any longer to stay he offered to put up a stock of goods for me to take to Salt Lake city and as I had no money to pay for transportation he paid that and all the expenses so that when I arrived in Salt Lake City late in the month of September I had to take a store to dispose of the goods that soon arrived after me and so the Lord in His providence suffers one thing after another to take place. . . . [p.43]
BIB: Dunford, George. Reminiscences and journal, (Ms 1722), pp. 37-43. Acc. #25790. (HDA)
Just before we turned the corner into the Valley we stopped at the creek, and having [p.106] bathed and changed our clothing we at last entered as the sun was setting beyond the Great Salt Lake, a steel engraving of which is herewith given, and another 5 miles brought us to the city. Day’s journey about 30 miles, making a total, according to the best accounts I could keep, of 7840 from Liverpool, thus- [p.107]
Liverpool to New Orleans. . . 5000
New Orleans to St. Louis. . . 1173
St. Louis to Kanesville. . . 620
Kanesville to Winter Quarters. . 12
Winter Quarters to Great Salt Lake City 1035
-------- 7840 [p.108]
By the time we entered Great Salt Lake City darkness had enveloped it, shutting out from my straining and inquiring eyes all details. I could see that the streets were broad, and hear the refreshing sound of water rippling and gushing by the road side. Occasionally a tall house would loom up through the gloom, and every now [p.109] and then the cheerful lights came twinkling through the cottage windows — slight things to write about, but yet noticed with pleasure by one fresh from the plains. A happy meeting with relatives, and a few moments of wakefulness ended the 9th of August, and also ends my hastily sketched and simple narrative. [p.110]
BIB: Piercy, Frederick, Route from Liverpool to Great Salt Lake Valley, ed. by James Linforth (Liverpool, England, pub. by Franklin R. Richards, 1855) pp.23-34, 106-10. (HDL)

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868

Joseph W. Young Company (1853)
Departure: 1-7 June 1853
Arrival: 10 October 1853

Company Information:
402 individuals and about 54 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Keokuk, Iowa. This company crossed the Missouri River July 11.

Perpetual Emigrating Fund, General Files (except for 1847-49 which are in Camp of Israel schedules and reports, 1845-1849).

Thomas, William Howell (62)
Thomas, Ann Williams (56)
Thomas, Charlotte (21)
Thomas, Thomas (20)
Thomas, Catherine (19)
Thomas, Jennett (16)
Thomas, Maria (13)
Thomas, Henry (12)
Thomas, Frederick (8)

Source of Trail Excerpt:
Davis, Richard Jenkins, Autobiography and journal 1852 June 1887 Apr., 20 [translation typescript].

February 5th, 1853. We went on board the ship "Jersey" to travel to New Orleans. The journey took us six weeks _______. We went from the ship to a packet by the name of "Simons" in New Orleans, and we went on that to Saint Louis along the Mississippi River.

We went on another packet 250 miles along the Mississippi River to a town by the name of Keock [Keokuk] in the State of Iowa, North America. We stayed there for nine weeks. We started from there to a place by the name of Montrose, 12 miles further up the river. I was at that time able to swim. We were there for a month and from there we began the journey in wagons over to Kensail Blyffs [Council Bluffs]. We camped there for a week along the Missouri River. We crossed the river in rafts and to the country of the Indians. We traveled this country across rocky rivers and mountains. On the 10th day of October we arrived at Great Salt Lake City.

Source of Trail Excerpt:
Claridge, Samuel, Autobiography [ca. 1910], fd. 274, 2-4.

In May, we started for Council Bluffs, twelve to each wagon. It was all new to us and new to the cattle for there were a great many languages represented; all of which the cattle had to learn.

Our first days drive will always be remembered. The roads were very bad, and there came very heavy rains, and we could go no further. We could not pitch our tents, so twelve of us had to sit and lay in the wagon the first night, and someone struck up a song–"Zion When I Think of Thee."

Next day we got a good camping place and stayed there for two or three days. Then we got along fine until we reached Council Bluffs, and here we had to ferry our wagons across the Missouri River. The owner of the ferry thought it was too windy and rough to cross, but our Captain, Joseph W[atson]. Young, took the responsibility, and we crossed safely. I assisted in ferrying our fifty wagons across…

We travelled along through the Indian country, and oft met some of the redmen who were quite a curiosity to us. At one time about two hundred warriors came riding up, and we halted to talk to them awhile, and then we all donated a little flour and a little sugar, and after that we travelled four wagons abreast to keep us closer together, every man packing his gun, but we marched on and had no trouble.

At evenings our wagons would all be drawn close together forming a circle, which made a corral for our cattle. See, all the fire[s] now were made from buffalo chips and all busy, some fetching water, some wood, all cooking their bread and bacon, some singing, some herding the cattle, and so it was routine every day.

We now reached Fort Laramie about half way. Our cattle did very well up to this time, but our loads being heavy, we didn’t make good time. Our cattle began to give out, and all of our luggage that could be dispensed with was thrown out, such as feather beds and so forth. The health of the people were very good. Few deaths occurred on the journey.
Last Modified 21 Jan 2013Created 9 Jan 2017 using Reunion for Macintosh